Your stomach is one of the main parts of your body. Within the abdomen, you have most of your bodily organs. Due to this, doctors will normally ask for pain or other descriptors of illness in the abdomen when they are trying to diagnose the abdomen. When you look at the abdomen from the front, you can basically see that it is divided into nine imaginary sections. These nine regions are used to decide what illness you may have and are clinically important to doctors when it comes to a diagnosis.
Imaginary lines run across your abdomen twice vertically and three times horizontally. The words that describe these areas are taken from ancient Greek and Latin. “Chond” is a word that means the cartilage of the ribs, while “Epi” in any word means that it is above. “Gast” refers to the stomach, and “Hypo” means below. When you put these together, you can figure out what specific names mean. For example, the epigastric region would be above (“Epi”) the stomach (“Gast”).
These are the nine regions of the stomach:
Left hypochondrium (LHC)
Right hypochondrium (RHC)
Right iliac fossa (RIF)
Left iliac fossa (LIF)
Left lumbar region
Right lumbar region
The Right Hypochodrium
The right hypochodrium is the location of your small intestine, liver, right kidney and gallbladder.
This section of your body includes your adrenal glands, liver, spleen, stomach, pancreas and duodenum.
Your left hypochodrium covers your pancreas, spleen, left kidney and colon.
Right Iliac Fossa
This section covers your cecum and appendix.
Left Iliac Fossa
The left iliac fossa is above your sigmoid colon and your descending colon.
Left Lumber Region
This region is just above your left kidney and your descending colon.
Right Lumber Region
This section covers your right colon, gallbladder and liver.
The hypogastrium covers your reproductive organs (if you are a woman), your urinary bladder and your sigmioid colon.
This section covers your duodenum, umbilicus, ileum and jejunum.
How You Will Be Diagnosed
Your doctor will use the different parts of your abdomen to figure out exactly what is wrong with you. If something is wrong with your left upper quadrant, your doctor may check for appendicitis or intestinal problems. The left upper quadrant (LUQ) is on the left of the rib cage, and it covers the pancreas, the spleen, the stomach and the left side of the liver. Along the inside of this quadrant, you would also discover the bottom of the colon, the left side of the kidneys and your adrenal gland. Due to these organs being present in the LUQ, doctors will first check for problems associated with these specific organs when you have pain.
Your right upper quadrant will often receive attention if you have localized pain, soreness or tenderness. Within this section of your body, you will discover organs like the hepatic flexure of the colon, the gall bladder, the liver and the duodenum. The upper portion of the pancreas is also located within the right upper quadrant. When you have tenderness in this are, your doctor will check for conditions like a new peptic ulcer, hepatitis or cholecystitis.
The left lower quadrant is placed just below the umbilicus plan and includes the left uterine tube and Fallopian tube if you are a woman. This section also includes the sigmoid colon and the colon. When you have abdominal pain in this spot, it could be a sign of uretal colic, a tumor, colitis or diverticulitis. If you are a female, pain in this area could indicate ovarian cancer, a pelvic inflammation or ovarian cysts. For body genders, pain in the left lower quadrant could be a sign of colon cancer.
The last main segment of your body is the right lower quadrant (RLQ). This section of your body is on the right side of your body, and it stretches from the umbilical plan to the median plane to the right inguinal ligament. Within this section of your body, you will find the upper part of your colon and the appendix. Depending on your gender, you may also have the right ureterpenus, the right ovary and the Fallopian tube in this area. When you have pain or tenderness within the right lower quadrant, it is often a sign of appendicitis.