What are the main causes of black dots on the skin? This article offers you insights on dark spots and their causes and treatments.
Black Skin Spots
Many dark patches or black spots can be eliminated or at least lightened, to restore a healthy complexion. Patches, spots and other facial marks are sometimes caused by excess melanin production.
Some of the common factors that cause skin spots are:
- Lack of sleep
- Vitamin deficiencies
- Hormonal imbalance
- Overexposure to the UV rays of the sun
There are various treatments for dark spots, including laser surgery and acid peels. Natural DIY remedies can help in reducing blemishes and spots, too.
Causes of Black Dots on Skin
To determine the solution for black spots, you need to know what caused them. Some causes include:
Some medications on the market today may lead to dark spots on the skin.
This can occur when people who have had acne have traumatized skin as a result. This can lead to hyperpigmentation and black spots.
Sunburns and burns from other sources can darken your skin, and as it heals, there may be scar tissue left that isn’t the same color as your skin.
- Extreme sun exposure
If you are over-exposed to the run’s UV rays, you may develop dark spots. It helps to stay out of the sun in the mid-day hours, when the sun is strongest.
Some types of infections may cause localized skin color changes. Scrapes and cuts can be infected by bacteria, which can change the skin texture. Fungal infections can also cause discolored spots or patches.
Your immune system usually works to keep your body healthy. It fights off harmful diseases. If you have allergies or autoimmune disorders, your immune system may confuse healthy cells for foreign cells and attack them mistakenly. This can lead to inflammation and redness.
Some autoimmune diseases like Graves’ disease or lupus may attack your skin and cause changes in its color. You may also have blisters or rashes.
- Allergic reactions
When your body reacts to irritants, foods or plants, it can cause discolored patches of skin. The changes may also present as raised bumps or rashes that may burn or itch.
Eczema is one condition that can cause black dots on the skin. It may lead to red bumps or scaly patches on the skin.
These are just a few things that could cause dark spots on your skin. If your condition is serious, you should consult your dermatologist. Otherwise, home remedies may be quite helpful.
Black Spots on Face
Dark spots may be black, brown, dark tan or gray. They generally occur on areas of the skin that are most often exposed to the sun. Some dark spots are sun spots, senile lentigo, age spots or liver spots.
Black skin spots result from excess melanin production. Physicians don’t know in some cases why they develop. Sun exposure and skin aging can also cause these spots.
If your physician is concerned about a dark area on your skin, he may take a biopsy, removing a small slice of the darkened skin to ensure that it is not symptomatic of cancer or other types of abnormalities.
Your physician may prescribe bleaching creams that help in fading black spots, but they do it slowly.
Black Spots on the Body
Various medical procedures can treat black spots on your body. They all may have complications and side effects, although some are quite effective. Ask your plastic surgeon or dermatologist before you make a decision on what procedure to use.
Medical procedures that treat dark skin spots include:
- Chemical peels
These burn your outer skin layer to allow new skin to grow to replace it.
- Laser treatments
These kill melanin-producing cells.
This option freezes black spots using liquid nitrogen.
This procedure removes the outer skin layers, allowing for the growth of new cells.
Always wear sunscreen after any of these treatments. It will protect your healing skin from damage by UV rays.
You can also use OTC creams to help in lightening black spots. They are sometimes effective in removing excess pigmentation of the skin. Choose a product that contains kojic acid, hydroxyl acids, glycolic acid, deoxyarbutin or hydroquinone.
Reduce your chances for black spots
Most black spots can’t be prevented. However, their occurrence may be reduced if you follow these simple rules:
- Wear your sunscreen every single day, regardless of the season. The product you choose should have an SPF of 15 or better and contain protection from UVA and UVB rays.
- Avoid outdoor time between 10 am and 3 pm. The sun’s rays are at their most intense levels during these hours.
- Wear protective clothing when you go out. This includes long pants, long-sleeved shirts and hats. This will protect your skin.
- Apply sunscreen a half hour before you go out. Reapply it every two or three hours and anytime you have perspired or gone swimming.
Tiny Black Dots on Skin
Tiny black skin spots are common, especially for young adults. They are not usually a reason to worry, but they take away from your looks and can affect your self-esteem.
As far as reasons for tiny spots, if you are exposed to the sun too much, this can cause black spots. Over the years, too much sun will almost guarantee that you will develop some dark spots on your skin.
Aging is also a prime factor in the development of dark spots. This is especially true if you have spent a lot of time out in the sun through the years. Stress, improper care of skin and vitamin deficiencies can also contribute to dark spots.
If you smoke cigarettes a lot, you are more likely to develop tiny black spots and patches on your skin. Serious health issues like diabetes and cancer can also lead to dark skin spots.
Itchy Black Skin Spots
Black and dark brown spots on the skin that occur with aging can turn into serious conditions. The American Academy of Dermatology advises older people to monitor any black or dark brown spots for itchiness or changes in size or color that could be symptomatic of skin cancer.
If you detect disease early, the spots can be frozen off or removed with a resurfacing procedure. Melanomas found to be malignant often appear as itchy dark spots. They are more common in men, and tend to be seen on the face, neck and the backs of hands. If you don’t have them treated, the cancer can spread, and can even be fatal.
In women, dark and itchy spots on the vulva may indicate a type of infection that needs to be treated. The vulva is the fleshy skin outside the vagina.
The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists reports that these itchy spots may be the result of contact dermatitis, a yeast infection, an STD or even cancer.
Vulvar cancers are usually found in women over 60 years of age. Surgery is needed to treat it. Preventive measures for vulvar cancer include avoiding douching, keeping the area dry and clean and not wearing tight pants.
STD Black Spots on Skin
HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, may go undetected until a skin condition or other symptom appears.
Research has shown that suddenly appearing raised, black itchy spots on the skin may be indicative of Kaposi’s sarcoma, which is a skin cancer most common to people who have HIV. Black spots can help you detect the virus early. They usually respond well to earlier diagnosis and proper treatment.
Removing Black Spots on Skin
Here are some DIY home remedies that can help get rid of dark skin spots:
This rich milk is an excellent choice to lighten dark spots. It fades spots and blemishes without causing any burning sensation.
- Put four teaspoons of buttermilk into a small cup of bowl.
- Add two teaspoons of tomato juice (fresh).
- Mix the ingredients well and apply to your dark spots.
- After 15 minutes or so, wash it off well.
Buttermilk contains lactic acid, which helps to reduce the pigmentation of skin. It will tone and brighten your complexion. You can use plain milk if you don’t have buttermilk. For regular milk, dip a cotton ball in it and dab it on your dark spots. Leave it on for 15 minutes and then gently wash it off. Repeat this procedure two times a day for four or five weeks.
You may also try preparing a solution with honey and milk and apply it to your dark spots. Leave it on for about 10 minutes and then rinse.
- Lemon Juice
Lemon juice is an easy, quick solution that you probably have in your kitchen already. Lemons contain vitamin C that helps them lighten dark spots on the skin. It’s quite easily applied.
- Dip a cotton ball in lemon juice and dab it on your dark spots.
- Let it dry and then wash it off with warm water.
- Continue the remedy for two weeks or more to gain the results you desire.
If your skin is sensitive, you may dilute lemon juice with honey, water or rosewater. Lime juice helps get rid of dark spots, too.
Use Chick peas to Naturally Fade Black Spots
Chick peas (also known as garbanzo beans) have many beneficial properties, so it shouldn’t surprise you that they are good for removing dark spots. They contain choline, which is a versatile and important nutrient that aids in maintaining cellular membrane structure. Choline also aids in the reduction of inflammation.
To use chick peas, here’s what you will need:
- Boiled chick peas – bring your chick peas to a boil until they are tender and soft. Then mash them up fully. Place them in a small bowl. Mix until their consistency is like that of paste.
- Rub the chick pea paste on the face or any part of your body where you have dark spots. Place it on the areas where you can see dark spots. You can use chick peas every day.
Oats for Getting Rid of Black Spots
Oatmeal powder is a good choice to exfoliate the skin. This means that an oatmeal mask applied to your neck and face will help in the removal of dead skin cells. They also help to fade dark spots.
To use oats:
- Grind up one half cup of rolled oats.
- Add three or four tablespoons of fresh lemon juice.
- Stir well to make the ingredients into a paste.
- Scrub this paste on your skin. Allow it to dry. Wash it off using warm water.
If the lemon and oatmeal mix gets messy, you can soak a clean wash cloth in warm water, and use that to wipe the mask away. You can use this treatment one or two times per week.