When your blood vessels underneath the surface of your finger’s skin get damaged, you happen to have blood blisters on the fingers. They are normally red bumps in color filled with fluid and are very painful sometimes. Though nearly all blood blisters are not very serious and they heal with time, still if you feel uncomfortable, you can resort to some home remedies to prevent infection. You must avoid the lure to pop the blood blisters as it may cause infection and also delay their healing.
They are just like other normal blisters except that they contain a red fluid in them which consists of lymph, blood and other fluids of the body. Some of the common causes of blood blisters are fungal infections, rough abrasions, frostbites, forceful pinching or such similar injuries. People in professions like athletics, combat training, mechanics, musicians and construction workers have common experiences with blood blisters.
Causes of blood blisters
If you have got your skin pinched mistakenly, it may cause blood blisters on your fingers or toes. Extremely tight shoes that rub your skin of toes or feet y may also be responsible to form blisters. Sometimes, we accidently close the door on our fingers, which causes a red fluid lump. There are some other accidental causes of this condition such as burning of skin from cooking, sunburns, and contact with harsh chemicals, OTC medicines, or skin infections such as eczema. When our skin comes into contact with excess heat, the blood vessels rupture, which causes fluid retention in the affected area. And the most commonly exposed parts to heat are hands and feet.
Treatments of blood blisters
- Cover the affected area.
You must keep the blisters covered with natural fabrics like cotton. The fabrics works as a barrier between your skin and the microorganisms like bacteria spinning around your skin. If the blister does not cause much pain, cover them with an adhesive dressing. If you have a larger blister, you may also use a gauze pad coated with plastic.
- Do not pop
Do not burst your blisters. If you cannot bear the pain or the blisters are averting you from using your blister affected limbs, only then think about popping them. Even if you have to pop them, you must do so with care. If you have poor circulation or diabetes, DO NOT pop your blisters without the guidance of a doctor.
- Cold compress
You can apply a frozen vegetable bag wrapped in a small towel on the affected area for at least 10 minutes. Give a 10-minute break and again cold compress the blisters. The coldness constricts the blood vessels, reduces swelling; which in turn stops the bleeding internally.
- Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera juice or fresh gel can ease the pain with its inflammatory properties. Application of the gel for three or four days relieves from the pain of blisters and heals them quickly. Also, you can mix Vitamin E with Aloe Vera gel in equal proportions and apply it on the affected area.
- Garlic Oil
The healing properties of garlic speed up the process of healing and it is also an effective disinfectant. You can massage natural garlic oil at normal temperature on the blisters. Leave it on for 30 minutes at least thrice a day. Then, rinse the area with cool water. If you notice any irritation or redness, you must not use garlic oil.
Sandalwood powder cools down the heat of blisters reducing pain and inflammation. Mix rose water with sandalwood powder to make a dense paste. Apply it on the wound many times in a day and rinse it with cool water after keeping it on for a while.
- Witch Hazel
Spread witch hazel in small quantity on the blisters. It consists of astringent tannins which help to dry the blood blister. You must do it four times in a day for at least a week to relieve from pain and speed up the process of healing.
- Espson salt
Mix Epson salt with warm water and use this blend to clean the blister at least twice or thrice a day. This mixture makes the blister to burst naturally and you will be relieved from swelling and pain.
Prevention of blood blisters
There are many measures which you can take to prevent blood blisters from occurring on your toes and fingers. After all the prevention and home remedies, if the blisters do not heal, you must see a doctor.
Avoid moisture on skin
When you have excess moisture on your skin, it is more prone to accidents. Keep your hands and feet dry. Your feet must be particularly dry because if they are moist, they are prone to other kinds of fungal and bacterial infections as well. Wear absorbent and cushioning socks. Whenever you engage in activities like weightlifting, golf, riding, or baseball; wear protective gloves. Also, wear comfortable shoes to avoid blisters.
You must avoid rough abrasion on the skin to avoid blisters. If you are engaging in tough activities like playing sports, skating or bike riding, running; you must protect yourself from excessive abrasions. In addition, defend your skin from excessive sunlight. Wear hat and apply sunscreen to protect your skin.
It is a 2 layer tape which is adhesive on one of its sides and has a cloth layer on the other side. You can apply this moleskin on those areas of skin which are more prone to chafe. For instance, if your feet’s skin rubs constantly and uncomfortably on the inner layer of your shoes, or you are rubbing your hands against a machine, you can use moleskin on such areas.
Protection from frostbites and infections
If you live in extremely cold areas, you must protect your skin from infections and frostbites. Feet are the most common areas to be affected by fungus. You must keep changing your socks frequently. Avoid going barefoot in public pools, bathrooms or gyms. If you are going to visit an extremely cold weather, protect your hands and feet with heavy gloves, socks, etc, because the body draws heat from feet and hands.