Bubbles in Urine


There are many reasons why you may develop bubbles in urine. Although this can be a sign of a more serious condition, it is often just caused by an infection or proteinuria. Urine is normally made by your body from waste products and water. It is essentially one of your body’s main ways to remove unwanted, unneeded byproducts from your body.

Although you may not normally notice it, your urine often contains bubbles. Some of the different cleaning agents that are used on toilets can react with urine to cause bubbles. If you think that it is more than just cleaning agents causing your urine to bubble, then try urinating in a beaker or container to see if there are still bubbles or foam. You can also try flushing the toilet a few times before you go to the bathroom to remove any cleansing products. If you still have foam or bubbles in your urine, one of the following medical conditions may be at fault.

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Reasons Why Bubbles in Urine May Appear

  1. Proteinuria

This condition occurs when there is a larger than normal amount of protein in the urine. It is often an early sign of kidney disease. The kidneys are normally supposed to process and remove excess protein. When they are not functioning properly, too much protein travels from the blood into the urine. Bubbles in your urine may also occur when you eat more protein than normal. Proteinuria occurs most frequently among people with diabetes, hypertension, kidney disease or obesity. It is more likely to occur in people over the age of 65. In addition, people with immune system issues, trauma, certain medications, infections and toxin exposure may develop proteinuria.

The goal of treatment is to treat the underlying cause of this medical condition. If proteinuria occurs due to diabetes or hypertension, the patient may be given ACE inhibitors, ARBS or other medical treatments. Since this condition is normally caused by an underlying medical problem, it is important that you visit your doctor to get an official diagnosis and medical care.

2. Kidney Disease

The kidneys are responsible for filtering out toxins and proteins from the body. When the kidneys are unable to do this, the urine may have a higher than normal level of protein. Other than bubbles in the urine, you may experience fatigue, hypertension and appetite loss if you have a kidney infection or other kidney-related problem.

Treatment for this condition consists of managing any infections in the kidneys and preventing the kidneys from getting worse. If you have diabetes or hypertension, you will need to monitor your blood pressure and blood glucose levels closely.

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3. Forceful Urination

Your urine is trapped within your body before it is released. If you urinate forcefully, air becomes mixed with the urine and leads to foaming. This often occurs in the morning because morning urine is more concentrated. As long as you do not experience foaming urine frequently, it is not a problem.

4. Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary tract infections are incredibly common, and they are a particular issue in women. During a urinary tract infection, bacteria builds up in the urethra and bladder. Since the urethra is shorter in women, it is easier for the bacteria to get in. If the urinary tract infection is not treated early, it can lead to a kidney infection as well. Some of the signs of an infection include yellow or green discharge, blood in the urine and a fever. You may also experience a frequent urge to urinate, odd-smelling urine, stomach pains or pain while urinating. If you have experienced any of the symptoms, you need to seek medical care right away so that the infection can be treated properly.

Once the doctor knows what is wrong, they will try treating the cause of the infection. They may use anti-fungal, antibiotic, anti-parasite or antiviral drugs. They may also recommend drugs for bladder spasms or surgery in severe cases.

5. Pregnancy

When you are pregnant, your body starts to change. Your glomerulus becomes more permeable while your kidneys begin to enlarge. All of these factors can cause protein to build up in the urine. To make sure that this is not a cause of something more serious, you should discuss your symptoms with your obstetrician. Bubbles in the urine can also be a sign of preeclampsia, so you want to make sure that you visit your doctor. Other signs of preeclampsia include high blood pressure, protein in the urine, facial swelling and swelling of the hands and feet. It requires immediate medical care, so seek medical treatment immediately if you have bubbles in your urine and you are also pregnant.

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6. Menstruation

During the first day or two of the menstrual cycle, it is normal to experience bubbles in the urine. Since this is generally a sign of dehydration, you should drink plenty of fluids. If this condition continues past the first few days of your menstrual cycle, then you can discuss it with your doctor.

7. Vesicocolic Fistula

A vesicocolic fistula occurs when the colon and bladder are not connected normally. Typically found among men, this condition can cause swelling to form around the base of the bladder. This causes bodily fluids to build up, and bubbles may appear in the urine.

If a vesicocolic fistula is the cause, no treatment is generally needed. This symptom can sometimes be a sign of tumors or Crohn’s disease, so it is important to discuss your symptoms with your doctor. If it is just vesicocolic fistula, you may not need to take any medication or do anything to treat it.

8. Mild Dehydration

One of the most common causes of bubbles in the urine is mild dehydration. Being dehydrated causes your urine to become more concentrated so that there is more protein in it. You may develop other symptoms like dry mouth, fatigue and headaches. If you have diabetes, pre-diabetes or other medical conditions, you should be especially careful about drinking enough water.