Chills are described as an action of a body, normally with the shifting of the temperature. So, the most common situation when you feel this trembling sensation is when you have a fever and your body is experiencing a shock. But, what about those other causes that are not followed up with a high fever? This kind of muscle shiver happens when the body is feeling cold, so the muscles try to produce heat with mechanical reaction. When the muscle contracts, its movement produces energy which reflects in heat rising inside the body. The initiators of this kind of reaction are endogenous and exogenous pyrogenic agents which stimulate the hypothalamus to keep the level of the body temperature on high. There are some causes that only affect the muscles and not the temperature center.
What Are Goose Bumps?
Goose bumps are presented like elevations of the skin caused by contraction of the muscle arrector pili. This muscle is situated around the hair follicle, so when it constricts, the hair goes straight on the end, causing the goose bump reaction. The main purpose of the hair going up is to provide insulation for the mammals, but for the people, because they don’t have such amount of hair on their skin, it is questionable. It is an involuntary reaction caused by smooth muscle contraction and it often collides with chills.
Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar Level)
Hypoglycemia is a condition which is not a disease by itself. It can be a result of an intense workout, starvation of a condition of diabetes with uncontrolled intake of insulin. Low blood sugar levels can drop in a short period of time, and when it happens, it can be followed up with blurry vision, confusion, chills without fever, palpitations, weakness, sweat and intense hunger.
Malnutrition is a condition where the body doesn’t get its needed nutrients. This can be due to a poor diet, problems that resolve around inadequate digestion and absorption, or some other underlying condition. It can appear like chills without fever, weakness, loss of weight, depression, vertigo. These symptoms don’t have to be present, but some of the causes can be explanatory by themselves.
Anemia Or Hemoglobin Disorder
Anemia is defined like a deficiency in red blood cells, or if we put it in the right way – reduced volume of RBC and/or a reduced amount of the hemoglobin. There are a few types of anemia, such as megaloblastic anemia which is caused by folate deficiency, sideropenic anemia which is caused by iron insufficiency and hemolytic anemia which is related to bleeding and other reasons of blood loss. The symptoms that appear in this condition can be chills without fever, dizziness, cold hands and feet, pale skin, headaches, depression, angina, cognitive difficulties. It is important to differentiate the cause for the right therapy.
Hypothyroidism is a condition which results in reduced function of thyroid gland. Because this gland affects the metabolism and many processes in the body, it can also cause chills without a fever. Because thyroid hormones speed up the metabolism, in the state of deficiency, there are multiple organ problems. Symptoms can include bloating, chills without fever, fatigue, and weakness, constipation, pale skin, weight gain, fragile nails and hair, pain in the muscles and joints, depression. So, this condition slowed down the body, resulting with a lot of problems and symptoms that come from multiple organs.
Urinary Tract Infection
Urinary tract infection can result in intermittent chills, painful urination or dysuria and strange smell in urine. There are a lot of causes for infection, and can be affected the certain parts of the urinary tract. So, the infection can cause inflammation inside bladder or in urinary channels. It is more common in women, where the access to the urinary tract is nearer. You can experience a burning sensation in the area of your pelvis or painful urination followed up with chills without a fever. For the men, it is more often that they have this kind of problems due to prostate hypertrophy or infection, but it is more common in older men. If you sense this kind of symptoms, you should schedule an appointment at your doctor’s office ASAP.
There are cases that the people got bitten with a brown recluse spider or, even more dangerous, a spider called black widow. When this happens, a body can react in a similar way. You could experience shiver and muscle contraction resulting in chills without fever, vomiting, rash, abdominal pain and headache. The bitten spots can look different. In the case of a brown recluse spider, a bite mark can look like purple or pinkish spot, outlined with white ring and a white dot in the middle which is usually a blister filled up with liquid. A black widow bite mark looks like red dot outlined with two fang marks. It can be dangerous if you have an allergic reaction to it, so you should contact your doctor right away. Here is some more information on Brown Recluse Bite Stages.
Treatments For Chills Without Fever
If you are having similar problems like listed above, here are some remedies that you can try and follow for a full recovery.
The first step to this condition is to react on a consequence and then deal with the cause. So, you should raise the levels of the glucose inside the blood by some sugar intake or with prescribed medication. You can eat a snack like a candy bar or eat sugar cubes. After you feel better, it’s time to detect the underlying problem. It could be from uncontrolled diabetes to endocrine disorder or drug side effect. There are also some links with the liver and kidney disease and also alcohol abuse, so you should investigate it thoroughly.
If you’re having symptoms that are related to malnutrition, you should contact your doctor for appropriate therapy. If you have poor diet regime, you should consult a professional about a meal plan and adjust to your lifestyle. If your problems are more digestive and absorption issued, you should visit a doctor for a proper treatment and a possible prescription for some supplements.
If you suffer from anemia, the therapy depends on the cause. If you have sideropenic anemia which happens because of chronic iron deficiency, you should take iron supplements combined with vitamin C to help with iron absorption. If you suffer from megaloblastic anemia, you should include folate and vitamin B12 in your daily schedule. Some types of anemia are due to kidney disease which results in a deficiency in erythropoietin. This hormone is being secreted inside the kidneys and it stimulates the bone marrow for red blood cell production. In the state of lack of this hormone, a doctor may prescribe you erythropoietin as a medicine.
In the condition with a lack of thyroid hormones, the basic treatment is hormone substitute. This kind of therapy is life-long and there should be no problems if the hormone levels are adjusted. This kind of drug is levothyroxine, and as long as you’re sticking with your therapy, you will be feeling healthy and without any issues.
Urinary Tract Infection
Depending on a cause, a urinary tract infection can be treated with a few steps. If the cause is bacteria, it is treated with antibiotics. The length of the therapy depends on the age and gender. Your doctor will prescribe you a therapy that you should follow. You should keep yourself warm and drink bearberry tea.
The first aid for a spider bite is a cold compression to reduce the inflammation. If a spider is venomous, you may get anti-venom serum. You should visit a doctor to prevent any complications and to get the right therapy.