Have you ever experienced a fatty cyst on your body? Would you know how to get rid of one? They can be frustrating, even though they are often harmless. Although they do not affect your overall health in most cases, they may embarrass you, since they can be unusual looking and obvious. In this article, we’ll tell you about the types of cysts, where they occur and what you can do about them.
Your body is prone to various skin issues that may cause bumps or lumps on or below your skin. They may appear on your legs, arms, breasts, head and neck.
What are fatty cysts?
Fatty cysts are generally painless, small lumps found beneath the skin. They may occur anywhere on your body. The two types of cysts are epidermoid and sebaceous. The more commonly experienced are epidermoid cysts. These cysts are generally composed of fat and the protein keratin. They are usually small, and may occur because of mild injuries or pimples.
Less common are sebaceous cysts. They affect the glands of the same name, which produce oil for your skin.
Fatty Cysts – Symptoms
These cysts generally are not painful unless they have ruptured or become inflamed or infected. They may be about the size of a sweet pea. They are often described as movable and painless.
If you have a fatty cyst that becomes infected, it will usually become red and warm, and will be tender if you touch it. Chronic infections in fatty cysts are painful and usually accumulate pus. If they are drained, the pus gives off a foul odor. When cysts rupture, they may form abscesses. These abscesses may recur from the treatment for infected cysts.
Fatty Cysts – Causes
There is no single cause for fatty lumps. If your other family members have them, it is likely that you will, too. The Mayo Clinic reports that these are more often found in adults between 40-60 years of age.
Some conditions may increase your chances of developing fatty cysts, including:
- Cowden Syndrome
This rare disorder is inherited. It causes growths similar to tumors, and you may have a higher cancer risk. It also creates benign tumors in the tissue of your thyroid gland or the skin of your breast.
- Adiposis dolorosa
This condition is also rare, and results in lipomas or fatty lumps mainly on the arms, trunk and upper legs. The lumps may be caused by adipose tissue dysfunction, a failed nervous system or trauma. Symptoms include dementia, confusion, depression, emotional instability and fatty lipomas. Obese patients have a higher risk of developing fatty lumps.
- Madelung disease
This benign medical issue causes fatty deposits in the shoulder, head and neck region of people affected by it. The cause is not known, but it’s rare, and affects males more often than females. If you abuse alcohol, you will have a higher risk of contracting this disease.
- Gardner’s syndrome
This disease causes fatty cysts that are non-cancerous, in various organs. If you suffer from this condition, you will be more likely than others to develop colorectal cancer. Gardner’s syndrome is genetic, and affects generations of the same families.
What are Fatty Tumor Cysts?
Fatty cysts may be brought on by slowly-growing tumors between your muscles and skin. Many are benign, meaning they are not cancerous, and not usually harmful in other ways, either.
Fatty Cysts on the Head
At some time in your life, you may develop fatty lumps. This is normal. They are usually round and smooth, and may occur nearly anywhere on the body. The typical size is between a small pea and several centimeters.
Fatty cysts found on the head or scalp are not usually related to cancer. You don’t need to treat them unless they cause you discomfort. If they are annoying, you may have them removed. Cysts found on the head are relatively easy to remove, with a simple procedure performed under just a local anesthetic.
Fatty Neck Cysts
Painful or swollen lumps on the neck that develop rapidly may have been caused by infection or injury. If the skin surrounding the bump is red and warm to the touch, it is likely caused by infection.
Fatty neck cysts in the throat area may be caused by:
These are abnormal swellings of your thyroid gland, brought about by a deficiency in minerals.
- Swollen glands
Infection in the glands of the neck or throat area may cause lumps to appear, as the body tries to fight off the infection. A fever or cold that affect your glands may cause neck bumps.
Fatty Breast Cyst
Fatty lumps in the breast are often non-cancerous, and grow beneath the surface skin of the breast. They are sometimes hereditary and sometimes caused by injury or trauma to the tissue of the breast.
Some fatty breast cysts are actually signs of cancer. If you have a lump you’re not sure about, consult your physician for an examination.
Fatty Cysts on Legs or Arms
These lumps are often seen in women who have chondroid lipomas. They lead to yellow, firm bumps deep in the skin. They form between the muscles and the outer layer of skin.
Lipomas may take a long time to develop. You may not detect them for months. If you’re not sure about a lump, as before, contact your physician.
Chondroid fatty cysts on legs are very deep, and to remove them, you’ll need a surgical procedure. They may recur after surgery, too. Steroids are somewhat helpful in the reduction of fatty lumps, but they cannot remove or destroy the lumps completely.
Fatty Cysts under the Skin
Fatty tissue sometimes grows or bulges in the tissue beneath the surface of the skin. These lumps will also take some time to be noticeable. They are not usually cancerous. If other members of your family have these lumps, there is a greater chance that you will, too.
Removal of Fatty Cysts
The method used to remove cysts depends on various factors. They include:
- The number of lumps
- The lump sizes
- Whether they are painful
- Whether you have a history of cancer
Your physician or dermatologist can make the proper recommendation for treating fatty cysts, after they are examined. Treatment involves:
- Steroid Injections
Your physician can inject steroids into lumps or cysts. This can reduce the size of a cyst. It won’t fully remove it, however.
- Fatty Lump Surgery
Surgery is commonly used for fatty lump removal, and it is usually effective. It works better than other methods on large lumps. They will not return often, if they are surgically removed.
This method can reduce lipoma size. Your physician can explain the procedure to you.
Here is a Video of Removal of a Sebaceous Cyst
Fatty Cysts found in Dogs
Fatty cysts don’t just affect humans – dogs can get them, too. Dogs that are overweight are more likely to develop fatty lumps, as are aging dogs. You may worry, as a good owner, when you see a fatty lump on your dog. If it causes him discomfort, your veterinarian can usually remove it.