This week of your pregnancy is one of the more exciting weeks because now you can feel your baby moving. In these moments, you will find out his strength and how lively it is. Baby’s development is obvious and you can see that on the screen of an ultrasound. As he/she develops, so your stomach grows, therefore, you may feel the weight in your lower abdomen. But if you don’t have prolonged pain or bleeding, this week will be the week of joy and calm time with your baby.
This week sensory system of your baby is in full of spring. Areas for vision, hearing, smell and taste are established in his/her central nervous system. He/she can hear you now; even recognize your voice. So, you can sing and talk to him/her and he/she will love it. After his birth, he will know that your voice is the voice of his mom. The baby weighs about 240 g and has 15.5 cm of length (crown to rump). His legs are longer than his arms, so his body is much more proportional than before. On additional detail is formed. It is the greasy layer which is covering the baby´s skin called vernix caseosa (“vernix” is the Latin word for -varnish; “caseosa” is the Latin word too, and means “cheese”). This layer has a role in protecting the baby’s skin of acidic pH in amniotic liquid. Your baby will be protected by it till the third trimester of the pregnancy. Vernix caseosa will mislay during the weeks before delivery. The nervous system of your baby is maturing while connections between different parts of the body and brain have been establishing. Sex organs of the baby are distinctive, and you can find out if your baby is a girl or a boy. Now you can feel first tiny kicks of your baby. If you are with your first child, you may be confused and think that these are the gas bubbles. But, this week is the right time for you to feel your baby’s movements.
Ultrasound At 19 Week
This is the time for your second ultrasound if you have done only one before. It is probably that you did common screening tests, and your pregnancy has been developing well. The first thing that you see on the screen of an ultrasound are the bones of your baby. They are much more visible than before because they are harder, but other tissues between the bones and the skin are still thin. It allows better visibility of all the baby’s skeleton.
You can see your baby playing with the umbilical cord, moving around, touching his/her own face or sucking his/her thumb. The doctor will get the measures of the baby using the ultrasound, so you will know if your baby is developing well. Your doctor will also inspect your internal genital organs and umbilical cord, as well as the volume of an amniotic liquid. If he notices some abnormalities, he will suggest more specific tests. At this stage of pregnancy transvaginal ultrasound is the right method of an ultrasound because your stomach is more extended now. Visibility is satisfactory using the common transabdominal device.
Your body changes every day. Your stomach grows and extends as well as your internal organs which move to make a place for your large womb. This may produce a sense of weight on your lower back or even pain. Expanding uterus may affect your balance. You can reduce back pain if you wear low-heeled shoes, avoid lifting heavy objects, as well as sleep on your side with a pregnancy pillow between your legs. Your partner will help you if he gently massages your back.
Your growing uterus may put pressure on your blood vessels, too. Reducing blood flow to your brain may cause the feel of light-headed. When you feel dizziness, sit or lie down to prevent fall and prevent hurting yourself or the baby.
As your weight grows, the pressure arises at your legs muscles. The result of this is the painful spasms in your legs. You may feel leg cramps, particularly at night. That may even produce sleep disturbance. You can try helping yourself with relaxing leg massage before bed or leg shower intermittently with warm and cold water.
Even if your diet is proper for pregnancy, you may have constipation due to pregnancy hormones which cause the muscles in your bowels to relax and allow food hanging around longer in the digestive tract. But you can try with ingestion of fiber-rich foods, whole-grain cereals and bread, legumes, fresh fruits and veggies (especially green that contains a potent laxative effect) which may solve this issue.
It will help you eliminate waste. Don’t take big meals although your appetite is increased, and try to keep away from sweeties. Eating smaller but more frequent meals may help ease the feelings of nausea as well. Drink eight glasses of fluid during the day. Light exercise will help your abdominal muscles and the ones in your bowels which are in charge of the digestion.
Most women develop stretch marks during pregnancy. Therefore, your skin now requires more care than before. Creams and oils that soften the skin will help your skin with safe stretching, but at the same time, will not arise stretch marks or at least, it will make it less visible.
Nasal congestion, that bothers you usually at night or throughout a day, is a common symptom during the second and the third trimester of pregnancy. Most women experience it during that period. Mucous membranes in your nose are swollen and soft because of the impact of your pregnancy hormones. The cause of the nose bleeding can be also linked with frequently blowing the nose. So, use the right blowing technique. Blow gently out one nostril while closing the other; after that change sides.
Decongestant spray or saline nasal spray may help if your doctor recommends some of them to you. Get more fruits rich in vitamin C, that makes your capillaries stronger. But, although these symptoms are very common, describe your symptoms to your doctor and he will provide you with the best advice.