Many people have experienced a bone spur at some point. While it sounds like a sharp projection, many bone spurs are actually quite smooth. A bone spur is essentially a type of bone-like projection that exists on top of your normal bone. Depending on the location, it may never cause you any problems.
Unfortunately, some spots for a bone spur are less comfortable. Even if the bone spur is smooth, it can still be painful if you press it. It can also hurt when tissues like the nerves, tendons or ligaments rub against the bone spur. While bone spurs can develop anywhere on your body, many people notice a bone spur on the top of their foot.
The Causes of a Bone Spur on Top of Foot
Sometimes, there is no obvious reason why you developed a bone spur. Often, it is a combination of different factors. Some of the different causes of bone spurs on top of the foot include:
If you have ever fractured your bone, it could end up causing calcium to build up and form a bone spur. Even a minor bruise could end up encouraging a bone spur to form.
2. Exercise and Other Activities
While exercising is excellent for your physical health, it can end up causing stress and pressure on your foot. Over time, running, dancing and similar activities can add pressure to the foot and cause trauma. This can lead to bone spurs on the top of your foot.
3. Age-Related Problems
As you grow older, it is normal for problems like bone spurs to begin to appear. Over your lifetime, you may have rubbed a specific spot on your foot too much by walking or put too much pressure on your feet. This type of problem can also happen as cartilage wears off as you grow older. When the cartilage is gone, it is no longer able to cushion the joints, so more joint pain is experienced.
If you are not wearing the right shoes, it can cause an undue amount of pressure on your feet. The wrong shoes may be the wrong shape or too tight. If you are in the wrong shoes, it can cause repetitive friction, trauma and bone spurs over time.
How Do You Know If You Have a Bone Spur on Top of Foot?
In some instances, you may not notice any symptoms as the bone spur starts to develop. Once the bone spur has grown, it may start to rub against your bones, nerves or muscles. As a result, you may feel numbness, increasing pain or stiffness. Your foot may become red and inflamed as a result of the bone spur. It can also become tender and swollen.
If you have a bone spur on the top of your foot, it may make it difficult to walk or wear shoes. You should talk to a doctor immediately if you think that you may have a bone spur because treatment is easier and more effective if it is done early on.
Other than the foot, you can also develop bone spurs in other spots. The foot is the most common, but your finger joints are another common spot. Because of the location and the thin skin, you may notice a bone spur near or on the joints of your fingers.
Treatments for a Bone Spur on Top of Foot
Technically, you do not have to treat a bone spur on your foot. Other than surgery, there is no way to really remove the bone spur. If you are not in pain and there is not any damage to the surrounding tissues, your doctor may not want to perform a surgery. If the swelling or pain is severe, you can use some of the following options to enjoy relief.
1. Pain Medication
If the bone spur is causing you pain, you can start by trying over-the-counter pain medication or ask your doctor for a prescription. A corticosteroid injection may also be used to reduce the pain.
2. Ice It
To reduce pain and inflammation, ice your bone spur four to five times a day for 20 minutes at a time. A heating pad could also be used for pain.
3. Treat Corns and Calluses
While the bone spur may be the main problem, it is important that you also receive treatment for any corns or calluses on your feet because they could also be a source of your discomfort.
4. Herbal Options
Certain herbs can help with pain and inflammation. Use warmed linseed oil on a cloth as a heating pad. Place a piece of plastic on top of it. To keep the linseed oil warm, put an actual heating pad on it for several hours.
5. Get Better Shoes
While better shoes will not eliminate your bone spur, they can help prevent it from becoming worse. A shoe insert may also help you feel more comfortable walking and moving with a bone spur.
6. Lose Weight
If you are slightly overweight, dropping a few pounds will help reduce the pain and inflammation in your feet. Your body weight exerts extra pressure on your bones, so losing weight will help to reduce the pressure and the pain.
7. Talk to Your Doctor About Surgery
If nothing else seems to work, talk to your doctor about having foot surgery. The bone spur can be removed through a simple surgery that only requires local anesthesia. Surgery is generally considered a last resort, but it can help in severe cases.