Even when your period is normally on a regular schedule each month, it can sometimes change in intensity or timing. While blood clots during your period may be terrifying to experience, there is an excellent chance that it is not a sign of anything too serious. Like most medical problems, it is important that you visit your doctor or gynecologist to be checked out. It may not be a sign of anything serious, but only a qualified doctor can tell you what is causing the blood clots.
Looking up this information online is not always easy or effective. Some writers claim that it is always a normal sign, while other authors state that blood clots are only a sign of a major illness. The real answer is somewhere in between these two responses. While blood clots during your period can just happen, they can also be a sign of something more serious. It could be an issue with blood coagulation, menopause or a hormonal imbalance. Whatever the case, it is important to figure out the exact cause so that you know if you should be worried and if there are treatments available for you.
Blood Clots During Period
Your body naturally brings about menstruation every month. This natural cycle is designed to prepare your body to release an egg for fertilization. During this time, the lining in your uterus thickens as it prepares for a potential pregnancy. If you do not become pregnant during this time, the uterine lining and egg end up dissolving during your menstrual cycle at the end of the month.
Your uterine lining is made of blood and tissue. Your body ultimately has to clear away this uterine lining so that it can make a new uterine lining again. The tissue is released in menses and can occasionally have larger pieces of tissue mixed in. If there are clots in your menstrual blood, they will generally range between 0.5 mm to 4 cm in size.
One of the main reasons that this can happen is because of the way that your blood clots. Normally, anticoagulants in the blood keep it from forming large clots. If there is more blood flow than normal or a clotting problem, then the blood may have enough time to clot within your vagina. This can end up causing clots to appear on your sanitary pads. Since these clots are often an indicator that you are losing more blood than normal, it important that you monitor the blood loss to make sure that it does not become a problem.
As a rule, you should be worried if you bleed more than 80 grams of blood during a single day in your menstrual cycle. Each pad or tampon generally can hold 5 grams of blood, so counting the number of sanitary products that you use can help. Also, if you go through more than one pad or tampon an hour, you should go to your doctor or call your gynecologist right away.
What Are Some Causes of Blood Clots During Period?
Every woman is different, and there are unique reasons why you could experience blood clots during your period. From basic hormonal imbalances to anemia, there are multiple causes. Some of these causes do not require any treatment while others necessitate an immediate trip to the emergency room. When in doubt about the cause, always make an appointment with your doctor to make sure that there is not a serious problem.
A myoma is a type of benign tumor that is created by hormonal changes. This type of tumor basically creates something that looks like a small knot within the womb. Over time, it can start to grow larger in the endometrium. When you have a myoma, you may experience heavy periods with thick masses. You may also experience extreme abdominal pain during urination.
2. Intrauterine Manipulations
If you have experienced an abortion, a miscarriage or complications during labor, then there may be lasting effects. You may end up experience clotting, and this is often a fairly normal symptom after all three of these experiences. Just in case, you should make a follow-up appointment with your doctor to make sure that your body has expelled any tissue properly and that there are not any ongoing problems.
3. Uterine Development Problems
Sometimes, the body does not develop the way that it is supposed to. Hereditary chromosomal abnormalities are known to cause changes and abnormal development in the uterine septum. If you have one of these disorders, it can prevent menstrual discharge from leaving the body and blood can coagulate in the womb because it is in the body for longer. In addition, drinking alcohol, taking certain medications or smoking during pregnancy could increase the chances that your baby develops uterine abnormalities as well.
4. A Lack of Nutrients
Your body needs vitamins C, K and P to coagulate blood properly. If you do not have enough of certain vitamins and amino acids in your body, it can cause your body to release blood clots.
5. Iron Deficiency Anemia
Anemia is incredibly common among women. The blood lost during a menstrual cycle, especially a heavier than normal cycle, can cause your body to become iron deficient. If you are iron deficient, your body may not be able to clot properly or it may clot too much. You should not, however, take any iron supplements without being tested by your doctor. It is dangerous to have too much iron in your body, so you should only be taking iron supplements if you are actually anemic.
6. Endometrium Diseases
Diseases like polyposis and endometrial hyperplasia can cause blood clots during your menstrual cycle. Polyposis is when polyps form in the endometrium. Hyperplasia is when the endometrial growth is too much. Both of these problems can trigger overly abundant periods and extra clots. The clots are just from excess uterine cells and generally not a problem—although the medical conditions themselves can cause other problems.
Women between the ages of 40 to 50 are the most common age group to experience endometriosis. Often, this condition develops after womb traumas and uterine manipulations. Lesions develop and cause excessive uterine growth. This can cause extremely painful periods and cramps between your menstrual cycles.