If you find bumps in the back of your throat, they can cause you to worry. Numerous conditions can cause white spots or bumps in the throat. Your physician will diagnose the cause of the spots, especially when you combine them with other symptoms you are experiencing. White spots are sometimes a sign of some type of bacteria, but they may also appear on the tonsils. They are unsightly and can cause you to have bad breath.
Irritation is generally the reason for bumps in the back of your throat. This irritation will cause your body to create mucus and send white cells to the area to fight infection. This activity can cause the throat to appear reddish in color, as well. From upper respiratory infections to acid reflux or post nasal drip, there are numerous potential causes for the irritation.
What are the Causes of Bumps in the Back of your Throat?
Infection usually causes redness found in your throat. You can tell if your tonsils are infected is you have a swelling in your lymph nodes and fever. In addition to infection, other sources may cause the bumps and they may be white.
This condition affects your pharynx, which is found in your upper respiratory tract. Your larynx, sinuses and other vital nasal passages are found here, as well. These structures take outside air to your trachea and then pass it to your lungs. If your pharynx is infected, your throat will be sore.
The usual pharyngitis symptoms include:
- Sore throat
- Excessive sneezing
- Severe headaches
- Heavy mucus in the nose
- General body pain
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
- Swollen tonsils with red bumps
- Strep Throat
This condition is brought on through a throat infection caused by bacteria. It will cause your throat to be sore and itchy.
Strep throat signs include:
- Issues when swallowing food
- Throat pain
- Red spots on the roof of the mouth
- Swollen lymph glands in the neck
- Tonsil swelling with white patches
- Vomiting, in children
- High fever
- Fatigue & tiredness
These symptoms generally indicate infection. You may have a few of these symptoms and still not have strep throat, since they are common to other diseases, as well. Your physician can test for strep throat, and will not conclude that you have strep throat by your symptoms alone.
- Oral Candidiasis
Oral candidiasis is brought on by Candida yeast, in people with a weakened immune system. Once Candida yeast has entered your body, it establishes colonies, manifested in the white spots in the mucus membranes in the cheeks.
Early on, this condition will not cause pain. If not promptly treated, however, it will often spread back to the tonsils, causing white bumps in the back of the throat.
- Tonsil Stones
Tonsil stones look like white specks over the tonsils. They can sometimes be less visible, as well. The condition causes difficulty in swallowing food, as well as pain in the throat. A metallic taste and bad breath can also be brought on by tonsil stones.
The stones themselves appear resulting from bacteria in the tonsillar crypts or due to mucus and hardened food particles becoming stuck with them.
- Oral (Throat) Herpes
Herpes virus, number one or two, may cause sores. They will usually begin at the lips, before spreading inside to your mouth and your throat. This is an infectious condition, and is spread by oral sex. It causes white bumps on the back of the throat, and fever blisters upon the mouth and lips.
- Infectious Mononucleosis
The symptoms of infectious mononucleosis include modifying of the chemical composition of the blood, along with throat soreness, a high fever and lymph node swelling.
This condition can lead to a dark red coloring of the throat, in addition to white spots that look like bumps in the back of the throat. The pain level can be high. This disorder can cause other problems by creating abscesses in the throat, and it can be quite dangerous to your general health.
- Post Nasal Drip
If your nose is blocked, the mucus cannot get out through that avenue. It finds another route to get out – running down the back of the throat. The heavy mucus flow may irritate the throat.
Tonsillitis usually results from a bacterial infection or other type of virus. Its main symptoms are swelling of lymph nodes and tonsils, high fever, neck pain, issues with swallowing food and white specks on your throat.
- Allergic Rhinitis
You may have heard of this condition by its informal name, hay fever. The symptoms are quite similar to those of many allergies. They include sinus pressure, excessive sneezing and runny nose. Hay fever actually begins when your body reacts to allergens like pollen or pet dander, rather than by a bacteria or virus. The irritation of rhinitis may sometimes cause redness and swelling in the throat, making it appear as though you have bumps in the back of the throat.
- Streptococcal Angina
Infections in the Streptococcal family, including Streptococcal pharyngitis, bring on this condition. In addition to creating bumps in the throat area, it also brings with it symptoms including overwhelming fatigue, a high fever, pain when you eat, itching and white spots near the back of your throat.
This condition is severe, since it may lead to rheumatism or rheumatic fever. These can cause heart problems and joint issues.
- Syphilis Infections
Syphilis can cause red or white spots in the throat. Other symptoms include malaise, joint pain and body sores.
What Action should you Take?
Most importantly, keep yourself well-hydrated. This ensures a stronger immune system. Gargling with warm salt water helps to flush debris or bacteria that are in the area of the tonsils. Salt also reduces inflammation.
These are only very general treatment recommendations. If your problem does not improve when you try them, consult your physician for testing. He or she will find the cause of the bumps in your throat and recommend a treatment course for that disease. In the case of strep throat, for instance, treatment includes a course of antibiotics.