Burping or belching is an act which represents the air leaving from your mouth which comes from digestive tube or stomach. This can be followed by a sound effect and some smell. This is a normal event when there is an air inside the intestines. While we eat, sometimes we can swallow air with the food, so this is a normal consequence. Also, when drinking some carbonated beverage, there is more gas production, so burping can be connected to this. Sometimes, burping can be a sign of an abnormal reaction inside the stomach which can be unpleasant and often, where a person can be bloated and feeling nausea. Some causes are minor problems which can be easily fixed while others can be a serious manifestation of a disease.
Possible Causes Of Burping
Babies and children are more prone to gas swallowing because of the way they eat. We are familiar with babies burping after breastfeeding. Food breaking into energy can form gas inside the stomach which can result in bloating and eructation. Although it can be a normal occurrence, sometimes it is a sign of a gallbladder problem, ulcer, GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease).
Aerophagia represents air swallowing. This happens sometimes during eating and it is normal. It can occur if a person is eating too fast, or in the same time talking, drinking through a straw, chewing a gum, smoking. A person can burp 3-4 times after a meal which is considered within the normal range. Sometimes it can be to excessive levels, but it can be fixed with eating control and other changing of habits.
Certain Food Ingestion
Some foods or drinks are known to cause more gas in the intestines. An example of this kind of food can be a banana, a food rich in fiber, starch food, carbonated drinks, alcohol, beans, broccoli, peas, lentils, cauliflower, whole-grain bread, raisins, etc. Some people have a food intolerance which is also followed up with bloating and feeling uncomfortable. There are tests which can be done to investigate the type of food for causing this kind of allergic reactions. This kind of reaction is present in people who are lactose or galactose intolerant.
Side Effects Of Medications
There are some drugs that can cause a burping side effect in a higher level than usual. This drugs can be aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, laxatives like sorbitol and lactulose or even some diabetes medications like acarbose. Other than that, diet supplements can cause the same effects like this.
Bloating and excessive air in the stomach is a normal change in the body of a pregnant woman because of the intestine slowing down due to progesterone hormone levels in the circulation which affect the digestion. Other causes besides hormone change are inactivity in the period of pregnancy which also changes the digestion process.
More Serious Conditions
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) – it is a condition of a reflux from the stomach to oesophagus which can happen due to a high level of acid.
Gastritis – an inflammation of the mucosa of the stomach which can raise acidic levels and cause air and burping.
Helicobacter pylori – bacteria which is also common and can result in gastritis, peptic ulcer and GERD.
Bowel Obstruction or Gastroparesis – it is a condition which reflects in bowel stasis and developing bacteria infection with creating gas inside intestines, which can cause burping.
Treating The Burping Problem
The main therapy should be directed to identifying the actual source and treating or stopping a certain behavior.
Change Daily Habits
Try to avoid talking and eating, fast eating, limit the intake of alcohol and carbonated drinks, don’t eat while being stressed over something and try to calm the anxiety before the actual meal. Limit the food that makes you bloated, avoid smoking and chewing gum. Some foods and medications can prevent bloating. Some of them are ginger, mint, chamomile, yogurt. There are also some over-the-counter drugs like antacids, that combats the acidity in the stomach which helps reduce burping.
Reduce Pregnancy Burping
Since burping problem during pregnancy is mostly due to physical inactivity, an exercise is what can help you. A simple walk or some simple stretching can help you and can affect the bowel activity, so in such way, it can affect the burping also and reduce the amount of this event.
Treat The Rooth Of The Problem
If the origin of a problem is a certain disease or condition, try to solve it and it will also help with burping. Go to see a professional and get the right therapy for that condition. If the problem stays unrevealed, a doctor can conduct an investigation where you may answer some questions about your habits, food you eat or you might be asked to keep a food diary for a few days. Other than this, if still nothing comes up, you may have to take some X-ray diagnostic procedure, CT or MRI. This can show digestive tract and show if there is some obstruction or some other problem.
How To Know When To Visit A Doctor?
If the constant burping takes its toe, and it becomes very often and causes discomfort, you should visit a doctor. If you are having an intense pain, diarrhea, vomiting issues, you should visit a doctor. If you have bloody stools or change in stool consistency, you should check it out. If you are noticing weight loss or chest pain, it can be some other thing and it is best to take it seriously and visit a professional.