Urine is usually the color of a pale yellow to a dark amber. It is flat, not foamy. Many factors, from disease to drugs to diet, may cause changes in the texture and color of urine.
If your urine appears foamy in texture, it may be due to a full bladder. When you urinate more quickly, it hits the toilet faster and stirs up the toilet water. There may also be some condition that your physician needs to evaluate, which causes foamy urine. You need to determine what is causing your urine to be foamy, and what you need to do if this happens to you.
The Reason May or May Not be Medical in Nature
The presence of foamy urine may be associated with some medical conditions, but it may also not be caused by a medical condition. If you experience this problem frequently, there is a chance that you have an underlying problem that requires proper medical diagnosis and treatment.
Your urine is the vehicle that carries your body’s waste products from metabolism from your body, after it passes through your kidneys. Urine contains some waste products that your kidneys filter from your blood, as well. The resulting urine is pale yellow, straw yellow or amber yellow, and it comes from your body via the urethra. The contents of urine include ammonia, inorganic salts, urea, uric acid and broken-down blood pigments.
Signs & Symptoms of Foamy Urine
Urine in its normal state is not foamy in appearance. Sometimes foam can develop, caused by things other than a quick speed of urination. It can be a sign that you are dehydrated, since the urine may be concentrated.
If you pass urine that is foamy on a frequent basis, however, you could have a condition or disease that requires an evaluation by a medical professional.
Foamy urine may be cloudy-colored and may include suspended matter. You may have pus or blood in your urine. If you have some type of infection, you may experience pain when you urinate. Women with active vaginal infections may have vaginal discharge in their urine, which can make it appear frothy and cloudy.
Causes & Treatments for Foamy Urine
- Protein within Urine
If you have a great deal of protein in your urine, it will often result in more foamy urine. Smaller amounts of protein can be expelled naturally in your urine. If you excrete larger protein amounts, you may suffer from proteinuria, and you need to have this diagnosed and treated.
Blood proteins don’t usually come out when you urinate. Some conditions will cause protein to be filtered into your urine. They include:
- Kidney damage
- Kidney infection
- Excess protein intake (from foods high in protein or supplements)
Foamy urine often has excess protein within it. Proteinuria can be detected with a urinalysis. With this disease, you should reduce your protein intake, both in foods and supplements. Seek medical advice for proper diagnosis and then treatment.
- Urinating Rapidly or Dehydration
Rapid urinating may cause some foaming of your urine. If you put off using the bathroom for a long time, a great deal of urine collects in your bladder. This will lead to more forceful urinating, and the bladder empties more quickly. The faster stream of urine causes the development of foam. Taking in too few fluids will cause some dehydration, and your kidneys will produce urine that is more concentrated and which can be foamy.
If your foamy urine is caused by rapid urinating or dehydration, you don’t need to worry. Simply take in more fluids and empty your bladder more frequently. Drinking water all day is an excellent way to avoid foamy urine, and to stay healthier overall.
If you drink more fluids and empty your bladder sooner and still notice foamy urine, you should contact your physician for a medical diagnosis and proper treatment.
- Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
An infection in your urinary tract may be caused by fungi or bacteria. This may result in urine that is foamy and cloudy. You will usually experience pain when you urinate, too, if you have a UTI. The microorganisms that cause your infection also produce foamy urine.
UTIs are usually discovered in a urinalysis. Your physician can treat it with antibiotics. You will also be advised to drink more water, to flush out those microorganisms more swiftly.
- Kidney Disease
If you have kidney stones or diabetes, this can cause foamy urine. A urinalysis will diagnose kidney disease, along with blood work and a dipstick test. 24-hour collection of urine may be done to better evaluate your kidney function.
- Semen in the Urine
After people have sexual intercourse, there may be semen left in the urethra. This can be released into the urine. Smaller amounts of semen don’t normally lead to foamy urine. A condition known as retrograde ejaculation can also result in semen flowing back into the bladder. This occurs when the sphincter malfunctions. It is often associated with the presence of foamy urine. Speak with your physician to seek proper advice.
- Formation of a Fistula
Sometimes an unnatural connection, also called a fistula, can develop between the large intestine and the bladder. It is known as a vesicocolic fistula. The bladder will become swollen, as fluid begins to accumulate under the skin. There is foam formed in the body, which passes out through urination, resulting in foamy urine.
Due to the colon connection, urine may contain feces and have a foul odor. This is definitely not normal, and could be one sign of a condition like tumor existence or Crohn’s disease. Consult your physician so that the condition can be treated.