Pregnancy brings a lot of changes to the body. Except stomach growth, there are a lot of transitions which don’t meet the eye, such as heart palpitation. This is a sensation where one can feel like as if the heart wants to jump out of the chest. This kind of feel can radiate towards the throat and it may seem like the heart is in your neck. It can be very frightening, especially since you’re not afraid only for your sake but for the baby as well. There are some other causes that can result in increased heart rate such as coffee, nicotine and alcohol, but in pregnancy, there are many different reasons.
Increased Volume Of The Blood
As you may know, when a woman gets pregnant, the volume of the blood increases up to 50% or more due to a baby’s circulation. This is to ensure that the baby gets all the nutrients and oxygen that it requires. So, when that increased volume of blood starts to flow through the same heart, it has to work harder in order to succeed in sending all the blood to every part of the body. There are two components which influence on the heart work, which is frequency and cardiac output. The heart is starting to pump at a higher frequency in order to achieve in sending all the blood to the system. At that level of frequency, there are more “mistakes” and sometimes heartbeats can seem a bit asynchronous. These are the things that a pregnant woman senses as a palpitation. It lasts for a few seconds and subsides on its own.
Progesterone is the females hormone which has the role in making changes in pregnant women. High concentration of progesterone can have an impact on cardiovascular system leading to tachycardia. It makes a heart rate faster and makes the heart work stronger, which also leads to heartbeat “mistakes” mentioned above as palpitations. This also ensures that the fetus gets enough blood for a proper development.
A pregnant woman has many things on her mind, but also is more emotional due to hormonal change. It is important to segregate from the stressful situations and to be surrounded by positive and calm people. It is recommended for a pregnant woman to include some relaxing ritual like meditation or yoga, deep breathing and massage for mind escaping.
When To Worry About Heart Palpitations During Pregnancy?
Hyperthyroidism. This is a condition which affects the thyroid gland. It results in increased work and high concentration of T3 and T4 hormones in the blood, which increases the rate of metabolism. Pregnancy combined with hyperthyroidism can be complicated and lead to greater difficulty in handling it to the end. It can result in miscarriage, pre-term labor, low weight babies, hypertension, pre-eclampsia and a heart attack. The treatment of the condition can be doubtful, but because of many bad outcomes if treatment is excluded, the drugs are still continued with, even in pregnancy when the medications go through the placenta. Drugs that are mostly used are propylthiouracil and methimazole.
Heart Condition. A cardiac arrhythmia can be a symptom of a heart problem. It can be associated with shortness of breath, dizziness, irregular heartbeat and fainting. It is important to contact your doctor immediately in order to convey thorough examination and test in order to find the underlying cause and stop any unwanted consequences. Usually, a doctor may suggest wearing a heart monitor 24/7 called “halter monitor”. It registers every heartbeat and records it on a tape which later is being used for research and analysis which lead to the root of the problem reveal.
How To Handle With Heart Palpitations During Pregnancy?
It depends on the underlying cause. If the palpitation is due to pregnancy change in the body, it can be dealt with no treatment. If the heart palpitation is a result of another condition in the body, it has to be examined and diagnosed by a doctor and prescribed with a proper treatment.
Avoid stressful situations, people and any surrounding that doesn’t suit your needs. Try to relax and explore the world of yoga, meditation, massage, aromatherapy and some group exercises for women, which are specially formed for pregnant women.
Since a certain substance or food can cause increased heart rate, try to avoid substances like caffeine, nicotine, sweet carbonated beverages, drugs, alcohol. This can have an impact on your metabolism, but also on the child’s welfare.
Inform yourself about the medications that you can intake during pregnancy and reduce that amount to a minimum. These drugs can include even the ones taken for a cold, cough, certain herbs and supplements.
Heart palpitations during pregnancy are usually harmless, but it’s better to take precaution when it comes to the life of your baby and to check-up as soon as you suspect anything. It is best to be sure than to have permanent consequences.