The incidence of trauma is substantial and can cause the blood vessels to damage and lead to blood leakage. When the blood leaves the circulatory system, out of the veins, arteries, capillaries, it goes into a solid state, meaning, it coagulates. The trauma triggers inner and outer coagulation system which results in a hematoma. It represents a blood clot accumulation inside the skin layers which peeks through the skin in many colors and stages. There are more conditions for which the trauma is not the cause, such as blood disorders or side effects from certain drug intake.
Causes Of Hematoma Leg
They are usually caused by some minor bumps or injury events, but there are other potential causes that can cause bleeding and blood accumulation. Bruising can be a consequence or a symptom of many illnesses such as blood coagulation disorders like hemophilia or either drug side effect from anticoagulant medications such as aspirin, warfarin, dipyridamole or clopidogrel. They can dilute the blood, causing hemorrhage in minor traumas. There are certain conditions which can have hematoma as a symptom or complication of autoimmune diseases, ankylosing spondylitis, broken bones, hematoma after a surgery. Hematomas can be severe if they occur inside the skull because it is a rigid surrounding with no space for the blood to flow. It causes pressure and can lead to serious consequences.
Symptoms Of Hematoma Leg
The symptoms are like in any other bruise. It looks from red to a violet, blue and green, depending on the intensity and the time that has past from the injury itself. The area is tender and painful to touch and you may even have difficulty in walking or when you move your leg. The symptoms usually subside after a few days, week or two. The blood absorbs inside the body and resolves itself completely without any residues.
Treatment Of Hematoma Leg
First aid after the bruising consists of applying ice for about 20 minutes on the affected area. This will cause the vessels to constrict and can stop the excessive blood leakage. The treatment called RICE is used as a guide. R in RICE stands for Rest. You should avoid any sudden movement and you should keep your leg steady. I stands for Ice where you should put some cold compresses to calm down the area, shrink the vessels and numb the pain. C stands for Compression where you should wrap the bruised area to reduce swelling. E stands for Elevation where it means you should lift your leg above the level of your heart to avoid the blood to drop due to gravity. This will also stop the leakage and shrink the bruising and swelling of the leg. You can use certain drugs for the pain such as acetaminophen up to 4000mg per day. If you have coagulation issues, you should avoid nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin were it can worsen the condition and prolong the hemorrhage. You can use some ointments and herbal remedies. If the area gets infected or if it’s an open wound, you may have to take some antibiotics to stop the bacteria from developing an infection. If the hematoma gets big, a doctor may opt for drainage where he makes an incision and drains the area. You can use some ingredients like turmeric which is helpful for treating hematoma and has antiseptic and antibacterial properties.
If you are an active and sporty person, if you do extreme sports, you should protect yourself with protective equipment and helmet and you should wear protective clothes to ensure the incidence of injury is low. If you have spotted certain bumps, bruises and bleeding without any reason or due to an unknown event, you should consult with your doctor and get some lab diagnostic tests.