A hyperextended knee is one of those injuries which is more common among athletes and people who are active. This is due to numerous movements which can be sudden and the overstretching of the knee can be above its maximum angle, which can result in this kind of consequence. This kind of condition can be from a mild level to a more serious condition. The backward movement of the knee is not only present among athletes but as well in quite a lot of accidents of any kind such as car accident or wrong acrobatic move. What does happen inside the affected knee, what are the symptoms and how to treat it?
Internal Damage of the Knee
Depending on the severity of the injury, several structures can be affected inside the knee joint. The most common injury is the ligament damage where they can overstretch, distort or even result in rupture. The other structure which can be affected is the cartilage which builds up the knee joint. It can be damaged to a point where it can cause permanent damage. Usually, the injury depends on a cause, where the injury during some sports activity is usually of a less damage than the one which is caused by some accident such as a blow or car accident. The mild injury is followed up with some pain, swelling and bruising, while the severe injury goes beyond these symptoms and needs urgent medical attention.
Symptoms of Hyperextended Knee
When the hyperextended knee occurs, the joint structures get affected and the symptoms come from ligament and cartilage damage. When the knee goes beyond its maximum range of motion, the ligament can stretch or tear. So, the typical symptoms are a pain, swelling, bruising, painful movement and the inability for any movement such as walking, running, etc. If these symptoms are present, you are advised to look for a professional help in order to treat it ASAP and to reduce any possibility of complications.
Diagnosis of the Hyperextended Knee
Since the knee can be damaged from a mild to a severe level of injury, it is important to check it as soon as possible at the doctor’s office. Some condition can be serious and the doctor may opt for corrective surgery since some of the structures may lay badly in the joint sac and it requires a reposition of the bones and other structures such as ligaments and cartilage. This can be tricky if the injured person in a child and it is still in its growing period. This is due to the risk during the surgery where the bones can stop with its growth. In this kind of cases, the surgery has to be postponed until the child reaches the age where it is safe to operate. Other injuries which are milder ones and don’t need surgery, they can be resolved with physical therapy and medication. The rest is necessary for the swelling reduction and for reduction of the possibility of further damage. The doctor would recommend the resting period after he states the patient’s condition. He can try to investigate the break or tear of the ligaments with X-ray or MRI.
Treatment for Hyperextended Knee
As we mentioned above, there are a lot of factors which determine the injury outcome. The first thing, after determining the severity of the damage is rest. Every person who’s injured his knee and has a hyperextended knee has to lie down for a while in order to relief the knee from excessive weight and pressure. You can do that by lying down or just putting your leg on a chair. In order to reduce the swelling, it is recommended to apply some ice on the affected area. It is useful to use bandages as well to prevent further movement of the knee and complications. The proper recovery last from 3-4 weeks up to 9 months, if the surgery is involved. If the surgery gets done, the knee needs a certain time for the healing process. Even though the knee will recover completely, the movement and the strengthens of the knee will not be as before, where it will be more prone to injuries.
After the resting period, it is important to include exercise slowly into the routine. At first, you might wear a brace of a bandage which can toughen the movement, but after that period goes by, you will have to start to use that leg again in order to make it functional again. It can be some muscle strengthening exercises and some water workout, stretching or stationary bike workout which can be helpful for a knee movement. Since the stretching will be easier at first, you can start by going to yoga. Studies have shown that yoga can be beneficial for healing hyperextended knee. There are some certain movements which you can include for this type of recovery, so you might want to inform yourself prior to going to a class.
Yoga as a Therapy for Hyperextended Knee
The most beneficial poses and exercises from yoga that might help are isometric extensions which can strengthen your inner quad and help you with your problem. Some of these exercises are the Warrior Pose and Trikonasana. It will result in better balance and stability but will also reduce the pain and prevent a further tear or chronic pain. It is important to pay attention to your pose and aligning of your legs and your body as well in order to get the real results and therapeutic benefit from his type of activity.