Mucus discharge is a female body’s natural response to many normal health conditions and also many other adverse health conditions. Vaginal discharge can range in color, odor, consistency, and more as the body changes during periods between menses, pregnancy, ovulation, and more.
Most times a clear subtle discharge with no odor is sign for no alarm, But if you notice other symptoms related to a discharge that looks different than normal it is important that you seek medical attention to find out if there is something more serious going on,
Normal Mucus Discharge From Vagina
The vagina has many factors that make it possess good bacteria so it naturally maintains its PH balance. When there are no underlying conditions, and no irregularities with hormones a woman will experience normal vaginal discharge.
Note: The value of PH (Whether is is alkaline rich or acid rich) can help impact the texture, frequency, consistency, color, and small of vaginal discharge. With normal menstrual cycles and hormonal changes (menopause, pregnancy)- these hormones can cause the vaginal fluid to become thicker and more frequent due to protective factors that want to keep bacteria out of the vagina, other unknown causes, when ovulation is in process, and after coitus.
What Does Normal Vaginal Mucus Discharge Look Like
Every woman experiences normal vaginal mucus discharge. When your body is healthy and there is no infections or imbalance in PH in your vaginal area, it should appear clear, or milky white. When the fluid leaves your body it can sometimes appear on your underwear as a light yellowish color.
Vaginal mucus often changes according to many factors including stress, pregnancy, sexual arousal, sexual intercourse, as a medication side effect, with the use of different birth control methods, changes with menses and more.
Vaginal Mucus Discharge: When Something is Wrong
When you are sick or something is wrong with your women’s health- your mucus discharge will take on different negative characteristics which include:
- Blood tinged, brown, grey, green, or dark mucus discharge(not period related)
- The color of your discharge takes on a sudden change
- Vaginal discharge that is curd-like, lumpy, or an adverse consistency
- The mucus discharge has a pungent odor to it (fishy)
- Mucus discharge as aforementioned that is associated with pain, burning, itching, diffciulty urinating.
What Causes Vaginal Mucus Discharge to be Abnormal
Typically if you experience any of the abnormal discharge symptoms above, there is commonly an infection or other conditions that need to be treated or diagnosed by a physician. Here are some of the common causes that may result in mucus discharge that is abnormal:
White or Grey discharge that has a fishy type odor:
If you are experiencing any vaginal discharge that is grey or white and thick with a musty fishy smell or odor you most likely have a vaginal infection known as bacterial vaginosis. It is where bacteria have plagued the vagina.
This conditional also is very noticeable when intercourse has occurred. You should not have any itching when you have bacterial vaginosis. This type of infection will not go away on its own, your doctor should prescribe you a course of antibiotics to treat it.
Vaginal itching accompanied by watery or white mucus discharge, or really dry scaly discharge:
If you have a discharge that is dry, extra watery, or white in color you could very well be experiencing the effects of an imbalance of the PH in your vagina that causes yeast, candida to grow. This is known as a vaginal yeast infection. Vaginal yeast infections frequently occur in women who have thrush or are prone to these infections due to pregnancy, hormonal changes, and poor feminine hygiene habits. This yeast will also be combined with a scent that smells like uncooked bread.
Yeast infections are not too serious, but they can be uncomfortable to deal with. There are treatments that you can get without prescription that are sold at your local grocery store or pharmacy..
Green/Yellow Mucus Discharge
When you notice a green or yellowish discharge, it is quite possible that you have a condition known as Trichomoniasis. This is also a vaginal infection that is caused by untreated yeast infections and is also only sexually transmitted. On top of the discoloration in mucus discharge the main sign that you have this type of vaginal infection is pain experienced during sexual intercourse.
Unlike a yeast infection which is treated with OTC topical creams, Trichomoniasis must be treated with oral medications that are prescribed from your physician. You and your sexual partner may have to take a course of antibiotics to prevent it from being passed back and forth. While on your medication, your physician may also ask you to stop all sexual activities until both you and your partner have been fully treated and diagnosed with a clear bill of health.
Bloody, Blood Tinged Discharge with or without Pain
If you are experiencing heavy amount of discharge that has blood in it. are having issues with urination, are experiencing break through bleeding, bleeding after intercourse, and have a dull ache in your pelvic region you could either have Chlymidia or Gonnorhea. Both are serious sexually transmitted diseases that can cause issues with health, ability to bear or get pregnant, and that can also be fatal if left untreated.
Blisters or Warts in or on the outside of the vagina combined with abnormal discharge
Another sexually transmitted disease that can impact your mucus discharge is Genital Herpes. You can get any type of abnormal discharge but if you notice warts or small blisters surrounding your vaginal area or located in your vagina you should speak to your doctor immediately. Herpes can be treated but never cured.
Remedies for abnormal vaginal mucus discharge
There are a few ways that you can proactively try to prevent yourself from getting any infections or sexually transmitted diseases. Here are a few tips:
- Avoid harsh soaps, bubble baths, and douching
- Stick to wearing only cotton panties and underwear
- Use Good Feminine hygiene practices
- Use protection when partaking in sexual intercourse
- When you use the bathroom wipe front to back- not back to front
- Change out of wet bathing suits immediately and do not wear over-tight clothing