Almost all of us experience sore eyes or pain in the eyes at some instance in our life. Many a times, it gets fine with time, but at other times, it can be something worth serious attention. It may take the shape of shooting pains or steady headache. Moreover, along with the pain, your eyes seem droopy or you may want to close them anytime. Some other symptoms include redness in the eye, tears, stuffy nose and contracted pupils. A few patients even complain light sensitivity and tremendous pain in the eye. Many of the symptoms can be treated at home only, while others may need the intervention of a doctor.
Reasons of Pain behind the Left Eye
The pain behind the left eye normally does not last for long. It may occur for as less as 15 minutes up to 3 hours maximum. It may just come without any warning and leave on its own. If you happen to have such a pain, it may be because of any of the following reasons:
- Blepharitis: Infection or inflammation of your eyelid which causes pain and irritation.
- Conjunctivitis: It is also known as pink eye. It occurs due to conjunctiva occurred due to infection; bacterial and viral allergy; or engorged blood vessels of the conjunctiva. The white portion of the eye or sclera looks red. There are other symptoms of this disease also like red discharge and itchiness.
- Corneal abrasions: If you develop an abrasion on the cornea, it may become very painful. It may happen because of fingers jerking the cornea, delinquent branches of trees or balls of sports like tennis. It may get better with antibiotic drops along with constant supervision by your health advisor. Normally, it does not cause any further problems.
- Keratitis or corneal indections: Infected or inflamed cornea is sometimes caused due to viral or bacterial infections, which may occur due to dirty or infected contact lenses or wearing them overnight.
- Foreign bodies: If some kind of foreign bodies enter your left eye, like tads of dirt, a piece of contact lenses, plant debris, etc; they may cause irritation or tears. You can usually get rid of them by rinsing your eyes. Else, they might cause corneal abrasions.
- Glaucoma: This condition of the eye normally has no primitive symptoms. If the condition of acute angle-closure glaucoma occurs, the inside pressure of the eye suddenly rises. Some of the symptoms may include severe pain in the eyes, vomiting, nausea, worsening vision and headache. If you notice any such symptoms, consider it an emergency and rush to the doctor to avert blindness.
- Dry eyes: It is also a very common cause of pain behind the left eye. It normally occurs due to constant staring at the computer screen. Normally, it can be treated by giving rest to the eyes and putting eye drops.
- Scleritis: Some kinds of gout or arthritis cause inflammation in the eye which in turn causes scleritis. Common symptoms include pain and redness. It can be usually treated with steroids.
- Optic neuritis: It is caused due to optic nerve inflammation, which may also cause trouble in vision and severe pain. It can also be treated with the help of steroids.
- Orbital inflammatory syndrome: This condition can be ascertained by a CT scan only. The patient experiences similar symptoms like redness, pain etc in this condition as well.
Some kinds of headaches are related to the left eye as well. You can relieve these headaches sometimes with OTC medicines but sometimes intervention of the doctor is also needed.
- Migraine: It is quite difficult to determine the causes of migraine but some research have shown that transformations in blood vessels are an important cause of migraines.
- Tension headache: It is a very common cause of headaches. It is not necessary that you encounter headache due to stress. You may also have to endure pain behind the left eye.
- Cluster headache: This condition is not very common but gives most severe headache if happened. The patient experiences piercing pain focused on the left or right eye. These headaches may stay and leave over some days or weeks.
- Hormone headache: It usually occurs in women who have frequent fluctuation of hormones, which leads to tremendous pain behind the left eye. It happens in times like menopause or pregnancy.
- Sinus headache: Although the pain is normally focused in the area of sinus, like at base of eyes or the nose bridge, it may also cause pain behind the left eye also. The sinus infection is the root cause of this headache.
Some conditions like Cranial Nerve Palsies is such a state when there is hampering of blood flow behind the eye. It may lead to serious pain and trouble in vision. The doctor must be immediately consulted if this condition is diagnosed.
Cure for Pain behind the Left Eye
You can relieve yourself of the pain behind the left eye with some home remedies as well as with the help of an experienced doctor.
Before you see a doctor, you can try these cures at home if you have bearable pain.
- Take good care of your eyes: The first and foremost thing is precaution. You must ensure that you take good rest and have a good diet. This will keep you away from the pain behind the left eye. You may also adapt some exercises for the eyes if you experience constant mild pain. You must also visit your eye doctor regularly.
- Try cold and hot compress: You can dip your feet in bearably hot water and simultaneously dip your hands in bearably cold water. Compression by this technique has been proven to help cure headaches. Keeping a cool compress on the heads also works to cure pain.
- Exercise: You may do this exercise also to relieve yourself of the pain. Lay down on a tough surface. Keep your hands on the back side of your head. Push your thumbs exactly at the bottom of your skull and allow your head to fall back. Remain in this position for as long as possible.
- Avoid dehydration: Dehydration is one of the major causes of all kinds of headaches. Also, you must avoid smoking, alcohol, processed foods, and medicines causing hormonal changes. Many foods are responsible for triggering headaches.
- OTC medicines: There are many pain killers which are made to cure headaches and migraines.
- Massage or acupuncture: Some people find these treatments effective for headaches. If you do not get relief from any of these cures, you must see a doctor.