The vagina is a naturally self-cleaning organ. Throughout the month, vaginal discharge helps to clean out the vagina and ensures a health pH level. As a protective part of the body, vaginal discharge change from time to time. Bloody discharge can appear during a postpartum period, following oral contraception, during the first trimester, after an intrauterine device is inserted or during the first trimester. Sometimes, pink discharge before your period would normally start is also an indication of implantation bleeding.
While pink discharge before your period can be perfectly normal, it is also possible that it could be caused by a more serious condition. Cervical erosion, genital cancer, endometrial hyperplasia, endometriosis and ectopic pregnancies can cause pink discharge. Likewise, inflammatory diseases, hormonal disorders and other diseases can cause this discharge to happen. If you have pink discharge for an extended amount of time, it is important that you speak to your doctor about it.
Pink Discharge Can Be a Sign of Ovulation
The entire goal of your menstrual cycle is to prepare for ovulation so that the egg can be fertilized. In general, most women will ovulate around the middle of their menstrual cycle. A ruptured follicle releases the egg, and it travels down the fallopian tube. Afterward, the egg enters the uterus and waits to be fertilized. The majority of women never realize that they are ovulating. In some cases, women may experience pain or discomfort in their lower abdomen. They may also experience some light spotting. When pain occurs during ovulation, the condition is known as mittelschmerz. If the egg ends up being fertilized, the woman will miss her period as her pregnancy begins. If the egg is not fertilized, she will have her normal menstrual cycle about 10 to 14 days later.
Spotting and pain do not occur with every menstrual cycle. Whether this condition occurs or not depends entirely on the woman’s physiology and her menstrual cycle. If she has an ovulatory syndrome, she may experience pink discharge, discomfort and severe pain. When this happens, it is important to talk to a doctor to avoid other complications like heavy bleeding or hemorrhaging.
Pink Discharge Due to Contraception
Contraception is known for changing the hormones in the body. Whether you are using an IUD, a vaginal ring, pills or the patch, these medications can and will modify your hormone levels. Most contraception works by suppressing the hormones that cause ovulation to occur. Due to this, women may end up with pink discharge as their body tries to adjust its hormone levels.
Pink Discharge Could Be a Sign of Pregnancy
When the egg is fertilized by sperm, it will ultimately try to attach itself to the wall of the uterus. When this happens, some of the uterine wall may break away and dissolve. Once this occurs, the woman may experience slight bleeding for a few hours or days. Progesterone levels rise after implantation as the ovum develops into an embryo. If this is the cause of your pink discharge before a period, you will not have your normal menstrual cycle. If the bleeding restarts and becomes heavy, it could indicate that you are having or just had a miscarriage.
Pink Discharge Could Be Caused by an Ectopic Pregnancy
Normally, the egg implants itself on the wall of the uterus after it is fertilized. In some cases, the body messes up and implantation occurs outside of the uterus. When this happens, the ovum may try to develop in the cervix or the fallopian tubes. While this condition may sometimes resolve on its own, it can be life threatening. Your doctor will do an ultrasound and a blood test to see if an ectopic pregnancy could be causing your pink discharge. If this is the cause, you will need to get medical help right away.
Other Reasons for Pink Discharge Before Period
While the previous reasons are the most common, there are other possible causes for your pink discharge before your period. These reasons include:
1. Intrauterine Devices
An IUD can be based on hormonal or non-hormonal medication. Either way, it can end up causing pink discharge. Normally, this will only occur if there is a hormonal imbalance or the IUD is fixed improperly in the uterus. If you have an IUD and pink discharge, schedule a consultation with your gynecologist.
2. An Infection
If you have an infection, it can cause pink discharge to happen. An infection can cause the consistency of your vaginal discharge to change. It may also cause itching or burning sensations. If you have endometrial inflammation, the spotting could be painless. It could also be accompanied by a fever or cramping. A gynecologist can run tests to see if an infection is the cause of your problems.
3. Oral Contraceptives
If you recently started birth control or switched contraceptives, then your hormone levels may vary . For the first three months of starting a new contraception, you may have pink discharge at different times of the month. Once your hormones level out, this should go away.
Non-menstrual-related discharge could be a sign of cancer. In the later stages of cervical or endometrial discharge, pink discharge can occur. Fortunately, cancer screenings are very easy to do, so visit your doctor to be checked out regularly.
5. Cervical Erosion
If your pink discharge is completely painless, it could be due to cervical erosion. If this is the case, you could experience on any day of the menstrual cycle or after sexual activity. This diagnosis can be confirmed with a colposcopy exam.
6. Organ Diseases
Vaginal bleeding does not have to be caused by just your reproductive system. Diseases like rectovaginal fistulas, blood coagulability problems, liver diseases, hematopoietic system diseases, kidney disease and vesicovaginal fistulas can also cause this problem.
7. Hormonal Disorders
Your hormones are supposed to keep your body in perfect working order. If your hormones get out of balance, it can cause pink discharge before your period. Hormonal imbalances can be caused by lifestyle changes like physical activity, sudden climate change or stress. Other conditions like endometrial hyperplasia, polycystic ovarian syndrome, hypothyroidism, endometriosis and ovarian cysts can also cause pink discharge before your period.