Pros and Cons of Abortion


Abortion is a highly controversial subject. Due to the strong emotional and intellectual attachment of values and norms, it is beneficial to understand the pros and cons of abortion. There are many reasons for and against abortion, and it is clear that statistics and anecdotes are not satisfactory in their determinations. Because of the strong attachments that people form and apply to their personal ideas, many schools of thought have been formed regarding the subject of abortion.

Many countries around the world have legalized abortion. Many more have chosen to ban the practice of it. Additionally, some laws take risk factors into account. These factors may include pregnancy due to rape or incest. They may also include thoughts about the life of the mother or quality of life for the child. Because of the subjective nature of social mores and personal morality, abortion has come to a crossroads. Here we will discuss the pros and cons of abortion in detail.

Pro-Choice Arguments

Arguments supporting the practice of abortion may take the title of pro-choice.

– Due to hardships in her life and the hardships that will inevitably come to the life of the child, some women choose to have an abortion. This is a decision that may be a rational and emotionally charged decision. This argument may be applicable in cases of abuse, poverty or wartime.

– The factor of protecting the life of the potential mother is an important one. When the birth of a child has the potential to cause the mother to suffer deadly harm or death, the argument stands that the life of the woman is worth keeping, especially as the life of the child would be severely handicapped without her care.

– Rape victims, minors or adults, may have outstanding emotional reasons for not desiring to bring their child to life. They may view the child as a permanent reminder of the rape, or they may view the child as a result of an evil action. Incest based actions are often placed into this category as well.

– Children that have been determined to have diseases that will cause them death or permanent suffering may also be subject to abortion. Potential parents may determine that the life of the child may be of such suffering that it would be an act of harm to bring the child to term.

– A social argument of the woman’s right to choose may also be argued. This has roots in the movement of personal liberty and the idea that a person can do as they please with their own body. This argument is almost always accompanied by another social, medical,or moral-based argument.

Pro-Life Arguments

Arguments against the practice of abortion may take the title of pro-life.

– The argument that the taking of a life, born or unborn, is an absolute moral negative may appear. This argument rests on the thought that an unborn child is a living child, and that abortion is essentially murder.

– Theological assertions may claim that abortions are acts that offend the gods of certain religions. This may be justified by religious teachings, books or sermons. The argument of divine punishment may accompany this argument. It is common practice for nations ruled by a religion to accept this argument and make the practice of abortion illegal.

– Abortions may have the potential to lead to medical problems in the future. Because of the invasive nature of the surgery or medical procedure, many people may choose to not have an abortion our of this concern.

– Social concerns, especially in religious circles and family groups, may be the leading argument against abortion. An abortion may cause family, friends and strangers to treat the person who elected to have an abortion in negative ways. Fear of reprisals has historical roots, and it is not unheard of for families to shun those who have had an abortion.

In conclusion, the pros and cons of abortion rely on the personal needs, morals and rationality of the mother. For someone in a world that is not ruled by religion, abortion access may be easier. Rape, incest, health concerns and other influences may be important factors as well. In the end, the decision to abort is up to only one person, you.


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