Signs of Conception

pregnancy-775041_1920Conception is the act of the sperm cell fertilizing the egg cell. It takes place in the fallopian tube, shortly after the ovulation. It takes about 24 hours for the egg to be fertilized, and another 3-4 days for it to make its way to the uterus.The main process is the implantation in the uterus, which happens 7-10 days after the ovulation. When this occurs, a certain hormone is being secreted, called HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin). This is the hormone which is responsible for many changes in the pregnancy period and it is being used for pregnancy tests, where it can be measured after 10 days to two weeks after the conception. It starts with secretion at the same time as implantation, but it has to pass a few days to make any measurable urine tests.

Conception can start with some early signs, which can be different from woman to woman. A lot of the woman that have been pregnant before can spot early symptoms before the actual hormone tests. There are some typical signs that are common.

Cervical Mucus To A Greater Extent

It can begin with thickening of the cervical mucus. This is the change that can happen almost immediately. The reason behind it is to prevent any other sperm cells from the protrusion. The vaginal discharge changes due to hormone levels of estrogen and progesterone. Estrogen makes the mucus thin and watery in the middle of the menstrual cycle while the thickening happens when the egg gets fertilized and the progesterone makes the changes.


Another early sign of conception can be spotting and cramping. It happens when the fertilized egg implants in the uterus, causing spotting and cramps. This can happen a few days after the conception. It can be presented as a light pink or brown spots in your underwear. It isn’t anything serious and it isn’t heavy bleeding. It will stop on its own.

Basal Temperature

If you are tracking your basal body temperature, you may notice a slight change in the time of an implantation. This is usually a half degree dip, as the estrogen lowers down. If you don’t spot this, this doesn’t mean that it didn’t happen. It is a short period of time, and you can miss it easily, especially if you don’t track your BBT constantly. Soon after the small dip of the temperature, it rises afterward and stays high throughout the pregnancy. The implantation doesn’t happen before the third day of ovulation. The biggest chances are on the eighth and the ninth day of ovulation with a percentage between 18% – 36%.


Most women don’t connect feeling tired with being pregnant, especially since it can be a sign of many things, such as the flu or excessive physical activity. It can start with implantation of the egg cell, but it is usually the late sign of a pregnancy. If you experience constant tiredness and sleepiness, even if you sleep good and don’t go over the board with activity, you might be pregnant.

Breast Changes

If you feel like your breast are changing during ovulation, it is due to hormonal activity. It can be also an early sign of a pregnancy, starting with tenderness and nipple sensitivity. It can happen from third to the fourth week after fertilization.

Morning Sickness

It can begin as early as three weeks after the conception. It is also due to hormonal change, which can express in nausea without vomiting. A pregnant woman can also sense some change in the sense of smell, where certain food or certain smell can cause nausea.

Frequent Urination

This is usually a sign in the late stages of the pregnancy, where the uterus pressures the bladder, resulting in reduced bladder volume. But, as to increased blood flow through the kidneys, the more urine is being produced, it can be an early sign as well. When the implantation occurs, more circulation develops and the kidneys have to excrete more urine.


Constipation can happen due to the hormonal activity of progesterone that slows bowel movements and results in constipation. This can be accompanied by mood changes and bloating, which is also present in the time of ovulation, so a lot of the early symptoms get undetected.

Missed Period

This is the sign of pregnancy when all of the women start to doubt about the pregnancy occurring. In this case, you can take a home pregnancy test which uses urine as a test material. It measures the HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) in the urine and uses the actual levels of the hormone to get the result. If your pregnancy test ends up being positive, you should check in and schedule an appointment at your doctor’s office to be sure about it and in order to start prenatal care.

A Few Months Later

Due to hormonal change, you can experience some body changes. From the early signs that can be breast enlargement, tenderness to bloating, you can sense back pain and discomfort. A lot of women have reported headaches and mood swings. During the second month or after 4 weeks of pregnancy, a doctor can affirm the softening of the cervix, which can be a sign of pregnancy as well.

After 4 to 5 months after the conception, you can start to feel your baby’s heartbeats. This can be also seen in ultrasound check up and a mother can sense some movement inside her lower abdomen which is an indicator that the baby is growing.

Pregnancy Tests

The accuracy of the pregnancy test results is 99,9%. They can be done after two weeks of conception since it is necessary for the levels of the human chorionic gonadotropin to grow. The accuracy also depends on the actual following the instructions and how soon it’s being done. Most pregnancy tests are inexpensive, from 10-20$. Results may show up as + or –, or, more often as the lines, where double line means you are pregnant.


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