Some of the first things you look for if you’re trying to become pregnant are signs of implantation. You can often feel them even before you miss a period. If you are looking for ways to confirm your pregnancy, during the initial weeks post-conception, you’ll want to keep the signs below in mind.
Signs of Implantation
One accurate sign that changes are occurring in your body is missing a period. There are other reasons to miss periods in addition to pregnancy, but implantation often results in missed periods and some of the other signs below. The period missed is usually close to the time of conception, of course, and within a week or two from when you are at your most fertile level.
If you miss a period, take a pregnancy test. You need to begin taking the right steps to keep you and your baby healthy, as soon as you know you’re pregnant. If your first test is negative, wait a week and try again. The hormone changes do not always affect the urine levels right away.
If you miss a period and have one or more of the other signs below, call your physician and set up an appointment. There you will receive a thorough examination. This will verify the pregnancy and ensure that no other medical issues are present.
Implantation Bleeding – Spotting
Spotting is a fairly common sign of implantation. If it only happens for a week to 10 days after you ovulate, this can be a positive indicator that your fertilized egg has been implanted. As it embeds itself in the wall of your uterus, light bleeding or spotting is common, and not of concern.
Implantation bleeding does not follow the same pattern that your normal periods do. It is usually brownish or pinkish, and is light, not heavy or red like menstruation blood. Spotting is not a sure sign of pregnancy, especially if you normally spot now and then between periods.
Tenderness in the Breasts
Your body begins to change right after implantation. The changes occur quickly and will increase gradually, during your pregnancy. The speedy hormone changes cause breast tenderness.
As the hormones increase, this leads to:
You will probably experience some discomfort in your breasts within a week after you last ovulated. They will remain sore through most of your pregnancy. This is another sign of pregnancy versus late period, since breast tenderness during periods usually only lasts one or two days.
Cramping from Implantation
Cramps resulting from implantation do resemble menstrual cramps in some ways, so you may mistake them for the start of your next period. Implantation, however, often results in moderate or mild cramping in the lower back and the lower abdomen. It may last for a matter of minutes or a couple of days.
Cramping from implantation is associated with the uterine walls contracting, while the embryo embeds itself in that tissue. If you have serious cramps, this may be indicative of trouble, and you should contact your physician to ensure that everything is going well.
Changes in the Cervical Mucus
Changes in your cervical mucus are among the earliest signs of implantation. It will change in flow, consistency and color when you are pregnant.
Some indicators include:
• Slippery mucus
• Heavier mucus
• Consistently white mucus
The mucus levels increase due to the increased vaginal blood flow. A pregnant woman may experience a level high enough that their underwear becomes wet. You can examine your cervical mucus with a tissue or your finger, to see if it is heavier than usual. These levels increase in the early months of pregnancy, and lessen later on.
About seven days after your conception is successful, you may suddenly find yourself having to dash to the bathroom to urinate every hour or so. You may not pass much urine, though. This is caused by secretion of human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) by the embryo, as it attaches to the wall of your uterus.
The hCG hormone signals your brain to increase the pelvic blood supply, and your bladder becomes irritable, as a result. You may have to get up more times at night to urinate than you are accustomed to, as well.
Food Cravings or Aversion
Many women report a sharper sense of taste or smell when they ovulate. However, food cravings or aversion are considered indicators of pregnancy, as well. Some of the hormones produced during and after implantation, and associated with pregnancy, tend to make many women develop likings for some foods and aversion to others.
These changes in hormones can radically change the foods a woman prefers or declines. They are not considered to be signs of implantation unless they occur more than seven days after the woman has ovulated.
Increased Basal Body Temperature
Higher than normal basal body temperatures (BBTs) determine whether a woman is pregnant or not. You will need to chart your BBT during the days and weeks in which you start trying to become pregnant, to get a baseline.
Check your BBT with a digital thermometer, under your tongue, before you get up in the morning. Progesterone increases in your body will cause your BBT to rise and to remain higher during pregnancy, until those hormone levels decrease.
This is a less common sign of implantation, but a large number of women report that they experience hot flashes during pregnancy. They can last 45 minutes on the day on which implantation occurs.
Hot flashes, those harbingers of menopause, are triggered in pregnancy by rapid hormone level fluctuations when the egg embeds itself in your uterine wall. This is not a consistent sign of implantation, but if you experience this and several other of our listed signs, that can help you to confirm pregnancy.
These implantation signs are convenient ways to tell if you are pregnant. However, the best way is by scheduling a pregnancy test with your physician, and by having a pelvic exam. You may experience only a few of these signs, or many. In fact, some women do not experience any of them.
If you experience health problems related to the signs described above, consult your physician right away, to ensure that you and your baby are healthy.