The menstrual cycle is the recurring monthly process of ovulation and menstruation in women, who has not reached menopause and who has achieved puberty. A healthy woman will have a recurring menstrual cycle between 28 and 32 days. During menstruation, the women will have bleeding discharged through the vagina from the uterus. The bleeding will stay for 3 to 5 days. The recurring cycle and pattern of blood outflow may vary from person to person. There is no set standard physical condition for it.
Spotting after a period is not unusual, and there is nothing to worry about it. If the bleeding is abnormal and profuse, then you have to consult a physician as you may require having some medical attention.
What could be the reason for spotting after a period?
There are different reason, why spotting is seen after the period. This situation attributes to different aspects including your psychological conditions that you shall be facing during the period and after it. The possibilities are;
- Incomplete discharge of uterine tissues
One of the reasons for spotting after period could be the incomplete discharge of uterine tissues from the womb. You may witness the spot after a couple of days or even after couple weeks this phenomenon. It is the natural process of the body to discharge the uterine tissues.
- Irregular menstrual cycles
Girls reached the adulthood may face irregular menstrual cycle issues. The reason is their body is still not yet started producing or completed the hormonal changes. When girls reach to a stage with a balanced hormonal presence, it will sort out the irregular menstrual cycle issues and along with the spotting after period issue will also get settled. Spotting after a period is common among teens that have irregular menstrual cycles.
- Using oral contraceptives
The presence of hormone contents in oral contraceptives will be a reason for spotting blood after a period. Ladies who have been taking oral contraceptives continuously and have stopped consuming will have a tendency of spotting blood after a period. The symptom could settle by itself over a period of time when your body gets back to normal balanced body hormones.
- Violent sexual intercourse
Spotting blood after a period is seen in ladies who engage in a sexual relationship immediately after the period. The spotting may happen due to the forceful penetration of penis to the vagina. On the course of sexual action, the penis may hit on the cervix and cause abrasion or damages and may be a reason for the bleeding.
- Polyps (cellular growth)
Cellular growths in the uterus could be a reason for spotting blood after the period. These non-malignant growths may burst and bleed resulting spotting blood after the period.
- Fibroids in uterine
Fibroids in uterine also will be a reason for spotting blood after the period. The best way to stop bleeding is to treat the fibroids.
During ovulation, some woman will have spotting blood after a period. This is considered as part of ovulation process. During ovulation the egg is released from the cyst and moved out from the ovary and travel through the fallopian tube to the uterus. In the process of ovulation, increased presence of estrogen pushes the cyst to break and release the egg. At the time of cyst breaking process, a woman may face unusual cramp and spotting.
Mild spotting can happen due to infections. Spotting due to infection can be identified easily as the discharge will have a foul smell and brown or pinkish color in nature. Bacterial and yeast infections are commonly seen as a reason for spotting.
When a woman experience breakthrough pregnancy, there are chances to see spotting blood after the period. This is happening when the egg implants in the uterus after fertilization.
How can you handle spotting after the period?
You need to take a medical advice to treat spotting after period condition. There are verities of treatment available to control the problem. The right treatment will be a combination of hormonal balancing, which include administrating birth control pills and other clinical evaluations. If any malignant or unnatural growth are noticed in the uterus that need to be removed or treated. Sometimes you may have to undergo a surgical process to regulate the issues, especially if the cyst or growth to be removed from the uterus.
Some useful tips that can help you to prevent spotting blood after period:
- Consuming birth control pills: Under a physician’s supervision, you can take contraceptive pills that can regulate bleeding. Follow the instructions of the doctor carefully and never stop the pills in between also care must be given to having the pills at the same time every day.
- Regulate intake of Aspirin: Aspirin is a pill that can dilute the blood. So stop taking aspirin or regulate the intake. You can consult your doctor and take proper advice.
- Keep your weight: You have to control your body mass always. Especially people on the brim of menopause period, there are chances to have spotting after period.
- Manage Stress: Emotional imbalance plays an important role in keeping a healthy menstruation cycle. Adopt emotional balancing practices such as doing yoga, deep breathing, meditation and engaging in aerobic or sporting activities. Stress will be a reason for spotting blood after the period.
- Healthy birth control practices: If you are using intrauterine methods to avoid pregnancy that could be a reason for spotting. May be you can try another method and see the difference.
- Do regular pap smears: Pap smear is a good practice to detect early cervical cancer. A check up of regular pap smears can sort out any possible issues to stop spotting blood after the period.
Medical condition who must consult a physician:
If you are bleeding in an unnatural way and you are on post-menopausal stage or if you are younger than 11 years old, then you must seek medical advice. Also, you have to consult a doctor if you notice abnormal bleeding between periods. Mild spotting of blood from the vagina is commonly noticed among menstruating women and is not a serious issue. That will settle by itself shortly or in few days time. Bleeding with severe pain on the pelvis side and bleeding continuously for a week must be addressed seriously, and you must consult a specialist doctor to sort out the problem.