Staph infection stands for infection caused by Staphylococcus aureus, which is known as a gram-positive bacteria which is very common in people. Experts say that about 30% of people have Staph. They are carrying the bacteria inside their mouth, nose, genitals, on their hands, but do not have any symptoms and are not ill. Their immune system is on a high level and they are just conductors, they don’t have an infection. Because Staphylococcus is really a resistant bacteria, it can survive in all sorts of conditions, so it can also be found inside the dust, inside some unventilated area, food, hands, etc. Even if the infection is not happening inside everyone’s body, it can cause some severe problems if left untreated. This is why you should consider prevention very seriously.
What Causes The Infection?
So, even if many people have the bacteria inside their nose or other places, that doesn’t mean that they automatically have an infection. An infection can happen is such organism where the immune system fails or there is an open wound through which the bacteria can enter the blood and cause an illness. There are also some risk groups of people who have a predisposition for infection, such as breastfeeding mothers, newborns, people who are taking some immune suppressive therapy, patients who are treated with cytostatics, people who have some chronical diseases (especially some pulmonary diseases, diabetes and cancer).
What Are The Symptoms Of A Staph Infection?
An inflammation has some characteristic symptoms, but there are some that are related more to cellulitis of the nose, which is an inflammation of the soft tissue of the nose. This usually happens through some damaged skin or even on some surgical cuts, where the area isn’t treated properly. There can be some local or distant symptoms.
Local symptoms. Here you can see some common inflammation symptoms such as redness, edema, temperature and most pronounced – the pain. Usually, the front part of the nose is affected, but since it can spread quickly, it can seize all the area of the nose throughout the time. A nose feels hot to touch and it looks like orange peel. If it progresses, it can affect other organs and result in many symptoms from other structures.
Distant symptoms. If the infection spreads, it can cause some periorbital pain, edema and irritation, and pain in other areas such as headaches in the frontal It can spread throughout the blood and cause sepsis, and also skin symptoms like erythema, impetigo, carbuncles and other. It can also affect other organs and cause diseases like pneumonia, endocarditis, meningitis, otitis media, toxic shock. This can seriously affect the heart, lungs, bones, skin and the brain.
Treatment For Staph Infection In Nose
When the doctors take out the blood sample and nasal swab, they can detect the bacteria and get antibiogram, or microbiological report that tells us on which of the antibiotics does Staph react. This is important because the Staphylococcus is a very resistant bacteria and can develop a resistance if the wrong meds are used, causing a serious condition.
A common drug for this kind of bacteria was Penicillin, and other meds like erythromycin, cloxacillin, dicloxacillin. But in a past few years, it has changed a bit. And it is because of the gradual change in Staph resistance because the doctors may have prescribed antibiotics that didn’t work on that kind of strain of the bacteria or the patients weren’t persistent in therapy length leading to resistance development. Nowadays, we have a breed of bacteria which is called MRSA or Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus and it can cause more severe problems. For this specific bacteria, an antibiogram is done and for the therapy are used some stronger drugs.
Other than antibiotics, some over-the-counter meds are used also. Here, a doctor may prescribe some drugs to relieve the pain and the swollenness of the nose area.
Cold padding can help pain relief if you use some clean cloth, dip it into a cold water and place it on a nose area. After it dries, remove the cloth. It will help calming the inflammation and numb a bit of the pain. Try to repeat the process a few times a day.
Sometimes, an abscess can develop inside the wound and it may drip yellowish liquid or pus. It is necessary to make a drainage of the wound with an incision. This is where the doctor removes the fluid and cleans the infected area, helping with the extraction of the pus. After the procedure, a doctor can prescribe some medications.
Prosthetic Infection With Staph Removal
Sometimes, when the Staph affects the wound where some prosthetic part is or it affects an inserted artificial valve, a surgery may be recommended. This kind of object has to be removed.
Prevention Of The Staph Infection
Since a Staph infection can progress into some severe condition, it is important to prevent it in the beginning, before any infection even occurs.
Good Hygiene. It is extremely important to wash your hands several times a day, especially after and before some activity, also, if you have some cuts on your hand. If you have some cuts, protect it with some adhesive bandage and wash it every time with soup and water. Be careful when in a public restroom, don’t touch the toilet and other things after washing the hands, use a paper towel for the door handling.
Don’t Share Your Personal Things. Knowing that the Staph can transmit through cuts and another skin contact, try not to use other people’s razors and towels or any other piece of clothing and objects that may have some body fluid on it. Keep your clothes and sheets clean and wash them regularly.
Tampon Warning. It is known that there is a possibility of toxic shock syndrome if a tampon stays long inside the vaginal area. This is due to blood and other fluid accumulation which can cause an infection if it stays in the tampon too long. It is recommended to change tampons frequently and try to use cotton pads if you are going somewhere knowing you will not be able to change it in that period of time.