When you’ve been trying to get pregnant, it may seem like a long time between ovulation and the time you can accurately use a home pregnancy test. You may look for possible implantation symptoms to give you a better idea of whether you’re pregnant. One of those symptoms is implantation cramping. Unfortunately, it can be a hassle, too.
In the first two weeks of pregnancy, many future mothers don’t experience much discomfort. Some cramping may be accompanied by a light discharge that is normally reddish, pink or light brown.
Cramps described sometimes as a “bursting pain” may be felt, as the uterus begins to stretch the surrounding organs. Repeated cramps slightly later in pregnancy can also be caused by increased uterine tonus. This can affect the pregnancy in a negative way, and will need to be followed by a physician. These symptoms are generally weeks after any implantation cramping, so they are rarely confused with it.
When Does Implantation Cramping Occur?
Not every woman will experience cramping at implantation, but if you do, you will have notice that implantation has occurred. This cramping occurs simultaneously with implantation, which is 6-12 days after you ovulate. At that point, your fetus will become attached in your uterus.
It is sometimes said that implantation cramps are a natural way to hint that you have conceived, if you’re trying to become pregnant. This method was in place many years before pregnancy testing. Implantation cramps, though they are uncomfortable, can help you to anticipate, be happy, or become nervous about being pregnant.
How Does Implantation Cramping Feel?
Implantation cramping feels much like a pulling pain or a light pricking in your lower abdomen. It starts about a week before your period would normally begin. The cramps are caused by the mucus membrane of the uterus at the site of implantation, when the fertilized egg attaches to the wall of your uterus. You may have occasional cramping that is intermittent, or you may have only one episode of this cramping.
The implantation of an embryo is a vital process, taking place when pregnancy occurs. Ovulation may cause mid-cycle pain, and this is confused sometimes with the cramps of implantation. If you have a period following this cramping, you’ll know that it was not implantation cramping.
The cramps of implantation can be otherwise explained as flatulence or some urinary, gynecological or gastrointestinal issues. Women may also describe to each other some accompanying symptoms of implantation, like a tingling sensation.
What is happening during and after Implantation?
After the embryo attaches itself to the wall of the uterus, it is known as a blastocyst, and its form is that of a microscopic bubble. From this point on, the fetus will need nutrition from the external environment – that means you, if you’re the mother to be – in order to continue proper growth.
As the embryo penetrates the uterine wall, it will receive its nutrition from your blood and tissue. Implantation actually includes the process of the embryo burrowing further into your endometrial lining. The fetus will disturb the mucosal lining, and this allows the embryo to delve more deeply into its welcoming thickness.
In 24 hours, implantation is usually complete. The embryo will have invaded the mucus lining, and within 40 hours it will completely invade the endometrium. The uterine wall over the affected area of the now-implanted fetus will be healed within about four to five days.
Cramping during and after Implantation
Unexpected pain in the middle of a cycle may come from various sources. It may be caused by the pregnancy, by something other than the pregnancy or by something that is altogether outside the gynecological reasons for cramping.
The pain of a possible ectopic pregnancy or possible miscarriage occurs much later, and these are usually more intense cramps. They may be accompanied by faintness, a rise in temperature or nausea. If you experience these symptoms, contact your physician right away.
Other Gynecological Reasons for Cramping
Some other reasons for cramping, outside of pregnancy, but sometimes confused with it, include:
- Corpus luteum cyst
- Follicular cyst
- Ovary neoplasms
- Uterine tumors
- Torsion of any uterine appendages
Gynecological infections may also cause cramping. They include:
This occurs when endometrial tissue grows into the muscle that underlies it.
This is the expansion of your endometrial lining outside the uterine cavity.
These infections generally cause menstruation to be delayed, which may be mistaken for implantation. Cramps that are caused by follicular cysts may be improperly believed to be implantation cramps.
The pain from these diseases may occur on any day of your cycle, which is one of the reasons why it is often mistaken for implantation cramping. The intensity of the pain may lead to complications, like the breaking of a cyst or torsion. Some of these complications are a threat to health, so call your physician if you experience any pain that is not normal for you.