The heart is a muscular organ responsible for supplying oxygenated blood to the entire body through the blood circulation system. The blood is oxygenated from the lungs and then taken to the heart and from there it is pumped out. It is the strongest organ in the body. The low blood through the systemic circulation reaches the right atrium through the superior and inferior vena cave and enters the right ventricle. Through the pulmonary circulation the blood taken to the lungs and get oxygenated. The oxygenated blood reaches back to the left atrium and enters the left ventricle and from there pumped through the aorta and into the systemic circulation.
Before entering deep into the subject, one should know where exactly the heart located is. Once you know the exact location of the heart, then you will understand that all chest pains are not related heart attack or due to ischemic injury happens on cardiac muscles. As said earlier, all chest pains should not necessarily be related to heart attack or albeit. Recurring chest pain must be considered seriously and you have to take medical advice.
Where exactly is the heart located?
Most people have the impression that heart is located on the left side of the body. Actually, the heart is located in the center of the body between the lungs, but it is slightly pointed towards the left side of the body edging to the breastbone. Everybody knows heart has four chambers consisting of two upper chambers and two lower chambers. The upper side is called as atria, and the lower side is called as ventricles. So the heart has two left and right atria and two left and right ventricles. These chambers are divided by the interventricular septum or the muscle wall.
When compared to the left and right ventricles the left ventricle is stronger than any of the chambers. The heart is covered by a double layer membrane known as pericardium. It is bonded to the diaphragm, spinal column and other body parts with its strong ligaments and the pericardium layer. Have you heard about people born with heart slightly positioned to the right breastbone? Yes, there are few cases, and this is known as dextrocardia and is natural by birth. There is no problem if somebody is born with dextrocardia.
How can you distinguish heart pain?
When chest pain is recognizable with the under given conditions, then it could be related to heart attack or symptoms of a heart attack. Even though you know, the pain is not related to a heart attack but it recurs frequently, and then you must consult a physician.
Now let us check the symptoms.
- While breathing and coughing splitting knifelike piercing pain happens
- Severe pain in the chest is if being stabbed and continue for some time
- Pain on both side of the body
- Continuous pain on a particular point
- Prolonged pain for many hours or days
- Pain symptoms happen during body movement and also while pressing the chest.
People become panic when faced even a mild pain in the chest by thinking that it could be a heart attack. Before reaching to such a wrong perception, it is imperative to know the cardiac symptoms and how to categorize it. Once you are able to categorize it, then you can easily decide whether it requires medical attention.