There are many reasons why you may experience white spots on your face. Since this condition can occur for a variety of different reasons, it is important that you find out the exact cause in order to treat it. If you experience white spots on your face, you should go to your doctor to get an accurate diagnosis of the cause and the appropriate treatment.
While many of the reasons why you develop white spots on the face are not particularly dangerous, it can be an annoying symptom to experience. You may experience other symptoms like itching or irritation as well. While it may be distressing, it is not always a sign that you should be worried. Find out the cause of your white spots. Afterward, you can begin treating yourself for them.
Finding Out the Cause of White Spots on Face
From dry skin to tinea versicolor, there are many reasons why you may develop white spots on your face. To start with, figure out the exact cause. While there are more reasons why this symptom could happen, here are some of the most common causes of white spots on face.
1. Idipathic Guttate Hypomelanosis
This skin condition causes white, flat spots to develop. These spots tend to be about 2 to 5 millimeters in size, and they are typically found on the forearms and shins. In addition, this skin condition is more common in people who are older than 40 years old. While it can occur on dark-skinned people, it is more common on people with lighter skin tones.
2. Dry Skin
One of the most obvious—and easiest to treat—causes of white spots on the face is dry skin. If it is from dry skin, you can easily treat your white spots by using a moisturizer like coconut oil. Stick to moisturizers that are designed for sensitive skin so that you do not irritate your facial skin.
When someone suffers from vitiligo, it means that their melanocyte pigmentation is gradually being lost. Unfortunately, scientists are still unsure why this disease occurs. While it may be partially genetic, it also seems like vitiligo is related to autoimmune diseases. Mild trauma on the face can also cause vitiligo to suddenly appear. The white patches of skin are also known to occur on parts of the body like the elbows, hands, genital area, face and feet.
4. Pityriasis Alba
If you are between the ages of 6 and 12, Pityriasis Alba could be the reason why you develop a white-colored rash. This condition tends to cause extremely light white patches on the skin. The rash caused by the condition can become covered in skin flakes that look like a fine, white dust on the skin. Technically, Pityriasis Alba is classified as a type of eczema, and it is easily confused with vitiligo. To see if it is vitiligo or not, look for a distinctive border. While Pityriasis Alba does not have a distinctive border, vitiligo will. The rash will also generally appear on the neck, arms and face.
5. Tinca Versicolor
This skin condition is the result of a chronic fungal infection. The fungus makes discolored patches on the skin because it interferes with the way the skin’s pigment normally works. Because of this, Tinca Versicolor can cause the skin to have lighter or darker patches. In teenage males, the condition will often affect the core abdominal region of the body and the back. Certain changes like oily skin, sunlight exposure, excessive sweating, heat and humid weather can make the condition appear worse.
Treatment Options for White Spots on Face
Obviously, your first goal should be to find out the cause of the white spots on your face. The only way to effectively treat this condition is to target the actual cause. If you are suffering from a fungal infection, anti-fungal creams can help. Meanwhile, conditions like vitiligo may respond to photo therapy, depigmentation treatment or skin grafting. Corticosteroid creams may also be prescribed by your doctor to prevent any inflammation that could be worsening your skin condition.
For at-home remedies, some individuals swear by coconut oil. In addition to its antimicrobial properties, it is an antifungal agent and an excellent moisturizer for the skin. If the cause of your skin condition is dry skin, coconut oil or a similar moisturizer can help reverse the problem.
Pityriasis Alba is often treated through a hydrocortisone cream or a moisturizer. Meanwhile, idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis can be treated with retinoids and topical steroids if it bothers you. Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis is not dangerous, so you only need to treat it if it bothers you. For tinea versicolor, some individuals have found success washing their face with a blend of rice, honey, sandalwood powder and turmeric twice a week. Before using this exfoliating blend, you should also wash your face with a mild soap.