It is important that you stay healthy. A simple infection or another medical condition can cause symptoms like white spots on the throat. If you are paying attention to your symptoms, you can seek immediate treatment before it becomes a major problem.
White spots on the throat can be a sign of a variety of different conditions. Some of these medical conditions require professional treatment and medication to be cured, so it is important that you talk to your doctor about all of your symptoms and get professionally treated. This is especially true if you have white spots on your throat as well as a high fever.
The Causes of White Spots on Throat
1. Strep Throat
One of the most common reasons that people develop white spots on their throat is strep throat. While this illness is most common among teenagers and young children, it can actually happen to people at any age. This highly contagious infection causes white spots to develop on the tonsils. These spots are often accompanied by problems swallowing, a high fever, headaches, throat pain and fatigue. If the infection is not treated, it can end up causing lasting damage and kidney inflammation.
Treating strep throat is fairly easy once you get a diagnosis. Your doctor will most likely prescribe an antibiotic like penicillin or amoxicillin. You may also be told to take medication like ibuprofen to help with your fever or throat pain. Gargling with salt water can help to reduce the pain in your throat, and you should get plenty of rest so that you heal as quickly as possible.
If you are exposed to certain chemicals, it can cause white spots to develop on the back of your throat. Once you are exposed to chemicals, it is important that you seek immediate medical care. Some chemicals can cause lasting damage, so it is important that you seek treatment right away. The type of treatment that you are given will depend entirely on the types of chemicals that you were exposed to.
Candida is normally found within the human body. When your immune system is weakened, candida can become overgrown and cause an infection. Known as a yeast infection, candidiasis can cause a burning sensation in your mouth, white spots on your throat and problems swallowing.
Luckily, candidiasis is another condition that is quite simple to treat. If you know that you have a yeast infection for sure, there are antifungal treatments and salt water gargles that can help. Antifungal prescriptions can also be given by your doctor. Children who get candidiasis should go to the doctor. Afterward, make sure to wash their toys in soda powder, clean their clothes and use a hot dryer to kill the bacteria.
Most cases of white spots on your throat are from a chemical or an infection. If you have leukoplakia, then the white spots could be pre-cancerous. This is more likely to be the case if you use tobacco or smoke. If you have leukoplakia, then a surgery or a laser treatment may be used to remove the cancerous portions. The condition could be benign or from cancer, but your doctor would have to test the spots to see.
Tonsillitis is a common cause of white spots on the throat. This viral or bacterial infection is often accompanied by swollen tonsils, a fever, pain and problems swallowing. You may also notice that your lymph nodes on the neck are also swollen. If you have tonsillitis, your doctor may recommend a liquid diet and antibiotics. You will be told to rest and gargle salt water to help speed your recovery.
If you have mononucleosis, you may experience fatigue, swollen lymph nodes and swollen tonsils. This viral infection is easily spread through sharing food, utensils or drinks. If mononucleosis is not treated properly, it can lead to an enlarged spleen.
Since mononucleosis is viral, it cannot be treated with antibiotics. Instead, your doctor will have you rest, drink plenty of fluids and avoid overexerting yourself. Over-the-counter medication or corticosteroids may be recommended for pain, swelling and discomfort.
7. Oral Herpes
Herpes can often cause white spots on the lips or throats. Oral herpes can be caused by herpes simplex 1 or 2. Both types are extremely contagious and may be shared by activities like oral sex, kissing or sharing eating utensils. If you have oral herpes, you may also feel a burning sensation, itching, problems swallowing, a fever or difficulty breathing.
Herpes is impossible to treat. Doctors generally prescribe antiviral medications to help reduce the likelihood that you experience any symptoms. Salt water gargles, rest and drinking plenty of fluids may also be recommended.
8. Tonsil Stones
Sometimes, tonsil stones will form in the back of the throat. Basically, calcium deposits start to accumulate in the crevices of the tonsils. These can be caused by un-swallowed food, bacteria or mucus. The calcium deposits can occur in a range of sizes and can be extremely painful. Other symptoms of tonsil stones include difficulty swallowing, bad breath and a metallic taste in the mouth.
The tonsils are a self-cleaning organ, so you probably will not need any treatment. You will want to avoid eating foods like crackers that require more work for the tongue. Saltwater sprays can help remove particles, and over-the-counter medicines can help with pain. In very, very severe cases, your doctor may perform a surgery to remove the stones.
If you frequently use drugs like aspirin, it can cause white spots on the back of your throat. This is especially true if you chew medication that is supposed to be swallowed whole. Talk to your doctor about switching medication or using less drugs to prevent these spots.
Thrush is more common in babies or adults who have a weakened immune system. Other than white spots on the throat, oral thrush can cause throat pain, sore mouth corners, and problems swallowing. This type of illness is essentially a kind of yeast infection.
Oral thrush can be treated with antifungal medication. If you are currently breastfeeding, it is important to get an antifungal cream from your doctor for your nipples to stop thrush from spreading to your baby. Gargling with salt water can also help to reduce the spread of the infection.
11. Other Causes of White Spots on Throat
If your white spots were not caused by one of the previous problems, there are less common diseases that could be at fault. A chemical injury, a blockage or an abscess could be causing the white spots. It is important that you go to your doctor to seek treatment and share all of the symptoms that you are currently experiencing.