Whether it is just your perception or an actual increase of urine, it is fairly normal to ask yourself “Why am I peeing so much?”. At times, it may feel like you have to go to the bathroom every few minutes. While frequent urination is common, many people do not want to go to the doctor about it because they feel embarrassed. In women, medical conditions following childbirth may occasionally cause unintentional urination that can be even more embarrassing. While you may feel uncomfortable about broaching the topic with your doctor, you should make an appointment if you have problems with frequent urination. Many conditions that cause this are actually treatable, so your medical problem could end sooner than you thought.
Why Am I Peeing So Much?
There are normal occasions for frequent urination. If you drank a lot of water or diuretic foods like celery, it can increase urination temporarily. Caffeine is a natural diuretic that can cause your body to increase its urine production temporarily. Due to this, you may have to urinate more after drinking coffee, tea or soda. Other than that, foods like protein shakes, chocolate and spicy foods can cause you to urinate more.
If you are not eating or drinking diuretics and still find yourself peeing 20 times a day, then you may have a medical condition known as polyuria. This condition causes individuals to produce excess urine that totals 2.5 liters or more in just 24 hours. If you have polyuria, you may find yourself waking up in the middle of the night or throughout the day.
Causes of Polyuria
Polyuria can occur during pregnancy because the uterus puts additional pressure on the bladder. It may also occur due to diabetes. For most people, frequent urination is the first sign that they have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Basically, the body is trying to get rid of unused glucose in the body by increasing your urine output.
Other than pregnancy and diabetes, you may develop polyuria following medical conditions like interstitial cystitis, cell anemia, chronic diarrhea,urinary tract infections or sickle cell anemia. Although there are other conditions that can cause polyuria, they are far less common. Some of these additional conditions include cushing’s syndrome, dysfunctional bladder syndrome, liver failure or bladder cancer.
Some of the Possible Causes of Peeing Too Much
- Urinary Tract Infection
UTIs are incredibly common. While they can happen anywhere in the urinary tract, they are especially common within the bladder and urethra. Women are more likely to get them because the urethra is shorter in the female body, so it is easier for bacteria to get within it. If the urinary tract infection goes untreated, it can cause severe problems as it spreads. Over time, you could end up experience urinary incontinence, fever, nausea and chills. Before the UTI spreads, it will cause lower abdominal pain, frequent urination and foul-smelling urine. Since this condition will become worth if it is not treated, it is important that you get medical attention right away if you think that you may have a UTI.
2. Sickle Cell Anemia
The good news about sickle cell anemia is that you cannot catch it because it is a genetic disorder. Unfortunately, this means that people who have sickle cell anemia are stuck with it for life. In this disorder, the red blood cells do not function properly. The cells are misshapen, so they are unable to circulate enough oxygen through the body for good health. Basically, the red blood cells are a crescent moon shape—hence, the name “sickle cell” anemia. If you have sickle cell anemia, you may experience leg ulcers, anemia, liver congestion, frequent urination, bacterial infections, pain episodes, eye damage and pain episodes.
3. Kidney Failure
Unfortunately, one of the possible causes of frequent urination is kidney failure. The kidneys are normally required to remove waste products from the blood so that the body is free of toxins. When the kidneys are unable to do this, they begin to fail and are unable to filter the waste products properly. The unfiltered waste products in the blood begin to build up over time, and the individual starts to experience symptoms like lethargy, confusion, weakness, frequent urination and shortness of breath. In the early stages of kidney failure, you can use dialysis and other treatments to alleviate the problem. If the kidneys fail entirely, you will have to be on dialysis permanently or have a kidney transplant. Due to this, it is important for you to seek treatment immediately if you believe that you are experiencing kidney failure.
One of the most common reasons for frequent urination is diabetes. Often, people notice a need to urinate more often before they ever realize that they have diabetes. Diabetes is primarily caused by an inability of the body to use insulin. Sugar becomes impossible for your body to absorb, and the kidneys try desperately to filter the blood. Each time the blood passes through the kidneys, they struggle to absorb it and the unused sugar ends up in your urine. For this to happen, your kidneys draw more and more water from your body to create the urine your body needs to pass the sugar. If you have diabetes, you may urinate frequently and feel extremely thirsty as your body tries to make up for the sugar loss.
When Do You Need to Visit a Doctor?
If you had a few cups of coffee or extra water, you probably do not need to see a doctor because the frequent urination is just temporary. When the frequent urination goes on for more than a couple of days, you will want to make an appointment with your doctor. Even if the cause is innocuous, frequent urination can leave you dehydrated, so it is important that you talk to a doctor about it. You may also want to write down how much your urinate, the amount of liquids that you drink and the amount of urine that you produce.
If there are no medical issues causing the frequent urination, then it may just be due to your fluid intake. Limit your alcohol and caffeine intake to decrease the amount of urine that you produce. If you have problems with urinary incontinence, you can also use Kegel exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor.