Doctors and nurses provide the patients all the necessary meds and for them, it becomes a daily routine and sometimes a tedious job. It goes on for hours from start to finish. But of course, it is their duty to maintain all the rules set by the administrator. It is for the benefit of the patients and every individual, there are some specific rights given to the medication administration and every time all the details should be checked against a checklist to avoid any error.
Nobody can deny a risk of giving a wrong pill to the patients. So, there are some essential duties involved in tracking down the medication administration record (MAR), double checking the prescriptions, proper collection equipment to give those drugs to the patients, making sure that all patients are on the floor to have those medicines. Following all these procedures, anyone may think that the task is not as difficult as it sounds, but it is not the truth. These functions are related to life and death of an individual, and thus, it is essential to know all the safety rules for the medications. 10 rights of Medication administration are described below:
10 Rights of Medication Administration
- Right drug
It is of utmost importance to look if you are providing the right medicine to the particular patient. Never think of giving a look-alike or sound-alike medications. It is a common error when nurses provide wrong drugs by misreading a medicine name. Check the medicine level and the prescription to make sure that you are using the right medicine. In a health care setting, it is required to verify the level of the medication with the doctor’s orders.
- Right patient
It is the duty of the nurse or any caretaker or the individual to give the appropriate medicine to the proper patient. If you are at home and giving medications to any patient, then make sure that you check the prescription beforehand.
If you work in a medical profession, then make sure that you verify the name of the patient and cross check the ID of the patient.
- Right Dosage
It is one of the most important rights among all of these medication administration rights. Always ask the doctor before you leave the medical facility or ask the pharmacist to suggest you the proper dosage. Never take a less or an extra dose and follow the instruction given by the medical profession correctly. If you are a medical professional, then double-check the checklist for the recommended dosage for that certain patient, and if you have any doubt, then ask the doctor who is responsible for the prescription. Make sure that you are aware of the difference between the adult and pediatric dosage.
- Right route
Following the right direction for the medicine is important for the sake of the patient. Someone may face the problem to swallow the pills and in such cases, it is significant to ask the doctor to give any relevant liquid medicine. It is crucial for the kids who are not yet able to swallow the pills. Cross check the order if it’s oral, IM, IV, SQ, etc.
- Right Documentation
Proper documentation is needed to get the best result from the drugs. The patient and the medical professionals should note down all the details and the time and site of the medications or injections as these are important to track the amount of medicine you took and when you took them.
- Right time
Taking a medication at a proper time is needed. Always check the prescription and the details of the medicine to know the exact time. If the medication is suggested at HS, then you should take the medicine at the bed time, and if it is proposed as QAM, then you should take this medicine in the morning.
- Right Client Education
The patient and the nurse should have proper knowledge of the medications and their possible reactions, side effects, methods to overcome, etc. This will help to overcome any adverse impact on the health due to the usage of certain drugs.
- Right to Refuse
A patient has a right to refuse any medications, and the nurse should record the refusal of the medication and should consult the doctor and let the doctor talk with the patient for further advice.
- Right History and Assessment
Have a clear copy of the patient’s medical history where you have all the records of the health condition of the patient, including an allergic reaction to any certain medicines. It also has the record of the blood pressure of the patient and should be assessed thoroughly.
- Right Evaluation
Proper evaluation is immensely valuable, and it is advised to check for any allergic reactions and interaction to medicines. In the home, the patient should have a list and guideline to check the prescriptions and to evaluate the drugs and their usage.
Medication Administration Guidelines
Following these above rights, it is possible to overcome many errors. Moreover, all the medical professionals are asked to follow the below guidelines for the safety:
- Be keen on the answer the questions of the patients and let them know about the medicine they are taking.
- Let them have their privacy and let them have responsibilities. Hand them their medicine and educate them on taking the right medicine.
- Always use a quiet place for medication administration and never get distracted while providing drugs.
- Do not mix all the bottles together or leave them open at any place.
- Wash your hand properly before and after giving the medicine.